EPP Fellows

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2014 EPP fellow at Eawag, Hussain Etemadi

January-July, 2014PhD student at Hafen City University-Hamburg / Eawag-Switzerland

During the last six months and under EPP programme, I was working on my PhD proposal that is “Sustainable and Integrated Sanitation Management in Developing Countries: The Case of Kabul’s Informal Settlements.” Meanwhile I finished my PhD application & enrollment process at my university, and started the first semester of education.

Due to ad hoc and fragmented water supply and sanitation projects in Kabul city, and attention of Afghan Government to deal with it, this is the right time to focus on sustainability and integration of sanitation planning in Kabul.

At the end I would like to express my special appreciation and thanks to my supervisor, Dr. Christoph Lüthi, for his support, Continuous guidance and encouragement.

I would also like to extend my appreciation to all Sandec members because of their warm welcome, continuous support and friendly atmosphere, and EPP committee members for providing this opportunity to increase my knowledge.


2011 EPP fellow at Sandec, Supervisors: Rick Johnston, Michael Berg and Manouchehr Amini

MSc student Jannatul Ferdous
September-December, 2011

Under my EPP fellowship at Eawag, I was able to work on my MS thesis titled “Regional aquifer mapping for assessing risk of Arsenic transport of Dhaka City shallow groundwater”. During my study, I used the statistical logistic regression model for assessing the probabilities of transporting arsenic in Dhaka City groundwater. Applying the modeling system is the first time for Bangladesh where I tried to introduce a new problem of Dhaka City. Thanks to this model I obtained excellent results. For this study, I would like to thank Dr. Manouchehr Amini for his consistent guidance on modeling and for giving me the knowledge to understand the system. And I would also like to thank Dr. Micheal Berg and Dr. Rick Johnston for their help in the interpretation of the model results.

Beside my research work, I would also like to share my life experience in Switzerland: it was the first time I went far away from my family and my country. Before coming here, I didn’t cook and was depending on my family. But now I’m a self-dependent person and I can do almost everything on my own. For such an experience I am grateful to Eawag! I also feel proud to be a part of Sandec. I found all of my colleagues of the department so friendly, kind and helpful. I’ll always miss the coffee break here with all of my colleagues. They could make me feel a new family here. Finally, I would like to express my immense gratitude to EPP and Eawag for giving me such an opportunity to work with senior scientists and to complete my thesis work successfully.

2010 EPP fellow at SIAM, Prof Hans Joachim Mosler

Mohammad Mojahidul Hossain
June – August, 2010 Bangladesh project, Siam, Eawag

During my fellowship at Eawag I was working on and learning about different methods and techniques for analyzing data and interpreting the results in a comprehensive and structured manner. I learned how to write scientific articles as well as the preparation for the next phase of the ongoing arsenic related project in Bangladesh. Now I am motivated and confident myself to serve my duties with more competence in the future. I would also like to share some things of my personal life too: before I came to Switzerland I didn’t know how to cook, wash and clean, but now I am doing everything myself. Moreover, I am glad to have been able to design frameworks for the following research articles for publication in peer-reviewed journals:

  • People’s preferences and use of seven arsenic-safe drinking water options in Bangladesh (Inauen, Hossain, & Mosler)
  • Differences between stakeholders and peoples’ preferences regarding arsenic-safe water options in Bangladesh (Hossain & Inauen)
  • Perceived tastes of tubewell water and its relationship to water quality parameters (Hug, Hossain & Inauen)

Finally, I am grateful to EPP and Eawag for giving the bright opportunity and also all of my colleagues. My special thanks go to my best supervisor so far, Prof. Hans-Joachim Mosler and Jennifer Inauen for their constant guidance, assistance, stimulating discussions, advice and kind supports throughout my stay in Switzerland as well as Stephan Hug too. They helped me to have motivation in work during my stay here and of course in the future too.


Burkina Faso

2009 EPP fellow at Sandec, Christoph Lüthi

Yiougo Sompogda Adissa Lydie
July - October, 2009
PhD student, 2iE Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

I was awarded an EPP fellowship in the summer of 2009. My ongoing PhD research is about sanitation planning with a focus on the Household-Centred Environmental Sanitation (HCES) approach currently being implemented in Sub-Saharan Africa. During my stay, I worked on data analysis and interpretation, literature review and writing papers for publication. The two papers I was able to produce during my stay at Eawag are:

(i) Application of the Material Flux Analysis Approach (MFA) method as a tool for the evaluation of an existing Strategic Sanitation Plan for a secondary city in Sub-Saharan Africa: the case of Fada N’Gourma - Burkina Faso (ready to be submitted)

(ii) Application of Household-Centred Environmental Sanitation (HCES) for sanitation services improvement in Pouytenga - Burkina Faso (submitted to EPFL-UNESCO International Scientific conference on Technologies for Development). I will be presenting this paper at the EPFL Conference in February 2010.

My stay at Eawag has been very helpful for my PhD research. I really appreciated the opportunity to have access to the many scientific papers and to work with the knowledgeable and easy going people at Eawag.


2008 EPP fellow in Environmental Chemistry, Dr. Alfredo Alder

Tao Zhang
July - October, 2008
PhD student at Nankai University, China

During my stay at Eawag I did research on the development of a chemical analytical method for the detection of precursors of the perfluorinated compounds Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in sludge and wastewater with LC-MS/MS. The aim of the work was to establish stable instrument parameters allowing reproducible measurements. Parameter setting has been finished for the following compounds: Perfluorooctanesulfonamide (FOSA), N-methyl per-fluorooctane­- sulfonamide (N-MeFOSA), N-ethyl perfluorooctanesulfonamide (N-EtFOSA), N-methyl perfluorooctanesulfonamidoacetic acid (N-MeFOSAA), N-ethyl perfluorooctane­- sulfonamidoacetic acid (N-EtFOSAA), 8:2 Fluorotelomer unsaturated carboxylic acid (8:2 FTUCA) and 6:2 Fluorotelomer unsaturated carboxylic acid (6:2 FTUCA). Detection limits of the instrument are around 1-4 pg.

Moreover, I started an experiment on sludge sample extraction and cleanup. During my experiments, I also encountered some problems, e.g. low sensitivity on N-methyl perfluorooctane-sulfonamido ethanol (N-MeFOSE) and N-ethyl perfluorooctanesulfonamido ethanol (N-EtFOSE) with LC-MS/MS, and lab contamination on Perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs). These issues need to be solved in the future.


2008 EPP fellow in Surface Waters - Research and Management, Prof. Alfred Wüest

Fabrice Muvundja Amisi
July - October, 2008
MSc student at Makerere University, Zoology Department/Fisheries, Uganda

The aim of my fellowship at Kastanienbaum was to get first-hand training on how to write a scientific paper by using the data collected under our project: “the nutrient cycling and methane production in Lake Kivu”. During my stay at Eawag I was able to produce a paper under the supervision of Prof. Wüest and in close collaboration with many other team members. It is now ready to be submitted to an international journal for publication under the title: “Balancing Nutrient Inputs to Lake Kivu”.

I practised how to structure the literature review, to describe the methods and materials, present and discuss the results in a comprehensive and structured manner. Several commentaries during seminars also helped me to improve the discussion of the results.

This training has helped me for my future work to enhance my performance in my scientific career. No major problem was encountered throughout the work period.

Costa Rica

2017 EPP fellow at Uchem

Susana Méndez Alfaro
February to May 2017
Msc student at National University of Costa Rica, Uchem, Eawag

During my EPP fellowship at Eawag, from February to May 2017, I collaborated with the project “Pesticides Analysis in Tapezco Catchment in Zarcero, Costa Rica” in collaboration with Fredrik Weiss’ PhD at the Environmental Chemistry department. During my stay, I received training and practice in the extraction and analysis of pesticides in passive samples from SDB disks, PDMS sheets and WLP water samples. The samples were taken, in a previous collaboration of me with the project, during the sampling campaign in 2016. Moreover, I used SDB-disk extracts for 3 different eco-toxicological tests: 1. the Combined Algae Test, 2. the Yeast Estrogenic Screen Test (hERα), 3. the Bacterial Bioluminescence Inhibition Test. Additionally, I used pesticide data from 2015 from Zarcero, Costa Rica, to conduct a mixed toxicity tests with the support of the Environmental Toxicology Department.

As final results, we elaborated a standard operational procedure for the sampling and extraction of pesticides in SDB disks and for the sampling and extraction of pyrethroids and organophosphates in PDMS passive samples, with their respective short guides for use in the laboratory. Additionally, we prepared a report with the ecotoxicological data from the analysis. These documents could be used as guidelines for future research projects in Costa Rica and for other Eawag collaborators as well.    

My personal experience at Eawag was very gratifying, both personal and professional. I thank the EPP committee for the opportunity and for all the help and kindness given before, during and after my stay.


2015 EPP fellow

Meseret Dessalegne Zerefa
January 12-July 11, 2015
PhD student, Ethiopian Institute of Water Resources, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia

During my EPP fellowship stay at Eawag; I was able to conduct the following experiments,

  • physical and chemical characterization of aluminum-amended zeolites;
  • Preparation of Mg: Al layered double hydroxides (LDH, with and without carbonate);
  • Preparation of aluminum-amended pillared clays;
  • Physical and chemical characterization of these materials;
  • Batch experiments under different experimental conditions to test the fluoride removal of LDH to understand the removal mechanism;
  • Continuous mini column experiments with LDH to test the practical use of these materials under different field conditions.

I am also preparing two articles in which one is entirely based on the experiments carried out here and the other one based on the characterization results from here and other experiments performed at Addis Ababa University.

I am very grateful to my supervisor, Dr. Annette Johnson for her invaluable guidance and support on my research and being a role model for my future carrier, the EPP Fellowship organizing committee for providing me the opportunity to work at Eawag, Prof. Gerhard Furrer (from ETH) for providing me with clay samples and his valuable comments and Numa Pfenninger for his unlimited support in the laboratory. I am also thankful for the staff and experts of (W+T) department for their cooperation and support and the opportunity to use their facilities during my research. Finally, I would like to acknowledge Anja Bretzler, Caroline de Meyer and Caterina Dalla Torre for their warm welcome and companionship during my pleasant stay in Switzerland.

2013 EPP fellow

Demeke Achiso Hirgeto
Solomon Tarfasa, Eawag Environmental Social Sciences, Dr. Roy Brouwer

During my stay at EAWAG, I worked on data analysis and interpretation, as well as writing my PhD thesis. In addition, I learned how to use econometric software, such as NLOGIT Version 4.0, to analyse cross-sectional and panel data from household surveys under the supervision of my advisor Professor Dr. Roy Brouwer. This enabled me to properly use the statistical software required to analyse and produce the standard empirical results necessary for my PhD thesis and for an article that would be published in a peer-reviewed journal.

The article which I wrote as part of my PhD thesis is titled: “Investigating investment constraints in water harvesting technology by farmers in Ethiopia”.

I am grateful to EAWAG for its financial and material support, and for providing me with the opportunity to get proper research supervision and experience.

2010 EPP fellow in Water Resources and Drinking Water, Dr. Annette Johnson

Damte Eyobel
January 1 - April 30, 2012
January - April, 2010
Ph.D student, Analytical Chemistry, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia

During my stay at Eawag, I was able to work on my PhD research proposal entitled “Development of Household Defluoridation Technology for Drinking Water in Rural Ethiopia’.

During this time, I have been doing physical and chemical characterization of solid filter materials (aluminium hydroxide), which is used for removing fluoride from drinking water. I determined the elemental composition by digestion and anlaysis and by themogravimetric analysis, the surface area and density and the mineralogy, using X-ray diffraction. I also carried out column experiments. By using the state-of-the-art facilities at Eawag and I have obtained knowledge on how to understand the chemistry of sorption processes taking place at the surface of the solid and how the material needs to be pre-treated to make the technology suitable for field application.

I would like to thank my supervisor, Dr. Annette Johnson, for her dedicated assistance, consistent guidance, invaluable comments, and suggestion. I also appreciate the staff and experts at (W+T) and Sandec-Eawag, who supported and allowed me to use the facilities through my research work. Thanks to Eawag for offering me fabulous working conditions.


2008 EPP fellow in Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries, Dionys Forster

Noah Adamtey
May - August, 2008
PhD student, Environmental Science, University of Ghana

During my fellowship l was working on data analysis and interpretation as well as writing of papers for my PhD thesis. Besides I learned how to use different types of software such as GENSTAT, SPSS, Zigma Plot, Endnote, Scopus and PowerPoint. This enabled me to efficiently use statistical software for my data analysis and to prepare papers for publication in peer-reviewed journals.

The three following manuscripts were produced during my stay at Eawag:

  1. Production of N-enriched municipal waste co-compost for peri-urban agriculture
  2. Use of enriched co-compost under irrigated urban agriculture: effects on water use efficiency, transpiration efficiency, nutrient uptake and maize yield
  3. Evaluation of different rates of co-compost fertilizer mixture on maize growth, yield, nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiency.

The first manuscript is submitted and currently under peer review by Waste Management Journal. Manuscript 2 is being reviewed by my supervisors for onward submission to the Agriculture Water Management Journal. Manuscript 3, is about to be finalised and is going to be submitted to my supervisors in the weeks to come.

In addition to the above activities, educational trips were organised to research institutions in and outside Switzerland where l received useful inputs and suggestions to the development of my thesis. I found my stay in Eawag/Sandec to be timely and very beneficial to me.


2010 EPP fellow in SANDEC, Ms. Elizabeth Tilley and Dr. Kai Udert

S.Ramesh Sakthivel
April-July , 2010
Ph.D Student, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India

At Eawag, under the EPP programme I carried out a study titled “Dissolution of Magnesium and Struvite Precipitation Kinetics from Stores Urine using Different Magnesium Sources”.

The study involved conducting dissolution and precipitation experiments using stored urine. Various magnesium sources including Bittern and Wood Ash were utilized for the experiments. I was also introduced to the chemical process modeling software Aquasim, software developed by Eawag, for analyzing results of the experimental data. The study outputs will be useful in designing reactors for struvite precipitation from stored urine. The work carried out will be published in an international journal and also will form a major part of my PhD thesis.

I would like to thank my supervisors, Ms.Elizebath Tilley and Dr.Kai Udert for their profound support and guidance. I take this opportunity to thank all the staff at Eawag for extending excellent cooperation to carry out the study and to the members of EPP committee for selecting me for the fellowship


2014 EPP fellow at Sandec

October 2014 - March 2015
UNESCO-IHE, Institute for Water Education

“I conducted my thesis research under the EPP programme at Eawag-SANDEC from October 2014 to March 2015. As part of an interdisciplinary research project on safe water in Nepal, I had the chance to coordinate and perform microbial water quality analyses for more than 500 households and its water sources in remote villages of Mid-Western Nepal. The research was conducted in collaboration with HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation and further included household surveys, expert interviews and structured observations.

My research objective was the assessment of microbiological water quality and household water management practices in remote rural areas. The results revealed that most of the households` storage containers were fecally contaminated, with 21% classified as high risk cases. Also, access to safe water sources as defined by the WHO did not guarantee microbially safe water and several piped water schemes showed contamination at the tap level. The testing methodology made use of an adapted membrane filtration kit combined with a custom-made incubator powered by solar cells. It showed good performance and could be applied in similar field studies around the world.

During my research, I received a very nice mentorship from my mentors, Arnt Diener and Sara J. Marks,  and also great support from the SANDEC team. I feel that I have improved and learned a lot during my research with SANDEC.”




2013 EPP fellow with Sandec, Christoph Lüthi

Ebenezer Soh Kengné  (Kamerun)

The aim of my fellowship from March to June at Eawag-Sandec was to analyze the data of my thesis and write two papers and make some progress on my thesis. The abundant literature available at Sandec and Eawag libraries was very helpful in achieving this aim. I also benefited from a good coaching from Linda Strande on writing my papers. I learned the use of Sigma Plot and how to produce graphs and some statistical works with this software. Participating at the Sandec retreat and Sandec meetings gave me a great experience on how to manage a team and projects. I end this stay with two papers ready for submission in peer-reviewed journals:

  • Performance of Vertical Flow Constructed Wetlands for Faecal Sludge Drying Bed Leachate; Effect of Hydraulic Loading. Ebenezer Soh Kengnea,1, Ives Magloire Kengnea, Letah Nzouebet Wilfried Arsennea, Amougou Akoaa, Hung Nguyeng –Viet b,c& Linda Strandec (Submitted to Journal of Ecological Engineering);
  • Effect of feeding frequency on the performance of Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland treating faecal sludge leachate treatment  under high hydraulic load. Ebenezer Soh Kengnea,1, Ives Magloire Kengne a, Amougou Akoaa, & Linda Strandeb (Submitted to the  Journal of Water Science and Technology).

I acknowledge the EPP committee for this opportunity given to enhance my skill and knowledge, Linda Strande for her many contributions for my thesis, Christoph for the revision of my manuscripts, Chris for his advice and Caterina for organizing my stay. A good thanks also for all the Sandec team for the friendship ambiance and my integration.


2017 EPP Fellow at ESS, Bernhard Truffer

Edinah Moraa Samuel, University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Research Topic: Slum upgrading and its impact on household sanitation practices in Kibera, Nairobi County, Kenya.

During my stay at EAWAG as an EPP fellow, I was able to review the theoretical framework for my study and most importantly learned how theoretical frameworks are applied to research studies. I did my data analysis and processing, and this introduced me to the use of new programmes, such as MAXQDA and Endnote. Finally, I was able to write my MSc thesis, which culminated in a presentation to two Eawag departments: Environmental Social Studies (ESS) and Sandec. Working with ESS and Sandec introduced me to multi-disciplinary approaches and environmental planning and sanitation. The EPP experience has transformed me into an individual who can handle strategic urban sanitation planning and environmental management tasks in the future.

My priceless thanks go to Prof Bernhard Truffer, Dr. Christoph Lüthi, Pauline Cherunya and Mara Van Welie for their support towards my thesis writing. They introduced me to new concepts and ideas, which immensely supported my results and argumentation, and led to a deeper understanding of my research topic. 

2015 EPP fellow

Joyce Awuor Ouma, July – October 2015, Master student at University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

During my EPP fellowship at Eawag, I pioneered research on concentration of nitrified urine using reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. The objective of this research was to partially remove water from nitrified urine using RO membranes (rather than the energy intense distillation process)  and remain with a concentrated nutrient solution. Through this research,I have gained hands-on training in the scientific and operation principles of reverse osmosis membranes. In particular, their properties and performance while treating nitrified urine in terms of flux, permeability, fouling potential and cleaning mechanisms that work best.I also attended several Eawag seminars which were very enlightening and helped me to learn and improve on my presentation skills. Being an EPP fellow has given me an insight to what direction  I would like my career in water and sanitation to take.


2012 EPP fellow at Eawag, Tehmina Mangan

September - December 2012
PhD student at Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan

I was awarded a four month fellowship by Eawag, under Eawag Partnership Program (EPP) for Developing Countries. During my stay at Eawag from September to December, 2012 I conducted research on “Estimating demand for crop insurance and to measure socio-economic vulnerability to disaster flooding in Pakistan”.

I am grateful to my supervisors, Dr. Peter Riechert and Dr. Roy Brouwer for their profound support and enthusiastic guidance to conduct the research. During this fellowship I learned about various research methodologies regarding survey and data analysis, choice experiment method was one of them. I am also thankful to all the staff at Eawag, particularly Caterina dalla Torre and Karin Ghilardi for extending their excellent cooperation to carry out the study.


2012 EPP fellow with Surf, Dr. Martin Schmid

Augustin Gafasi  February - March 2012 (Rwanda)
National University of Rwanda, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Dept. of Civil Engineering

During my stay at Eawag as an EPP fellow I was able to achieve the following tasks:  I finalized my MSc research proposal entitled “The temporal dynamics of subaquatic springs discharge in Lake Kivu” under the supervision of Dr Martin Schmid (SURF). This part was the most important because it is the quality of my proposal which will determine the overall thesis quality. Furthermore, I mastered different measurement techniques:

  • On ICPE-9000, how to run samples and ICPE-900 software application.
  • GC ‐ GAS Chromatography used for measuring methane gas concentration in water samples and the software application.

Additionally, I learned how to apply the Scidavis software which is used for CTD data analysis as well as plotting the graph of CTD profiles. I would like to thank the Eawag staff for their close guidance throughout my stay, my special thanks goes to my supervisor Dr Martin Schmid. 


2014 EPP fellow at Sandec

Alsane Seck,
15 May – 14 August, 2014
PhD student, University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, Senegal

During my EPP fellowship stay at Eawag, I have been able to achieve the following outputs:

  • I finalized and submitted my first article entitled “Resource recovery from faecal sludge: solid fuel production in Sub-Saharan Africa” to Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development
  • I worked on my second peer-reviewed paper entitled “Effect of alternative filter media for sand drying bed to enhance dewatering of faecal sludge”
  • I finalised my thesis report entitled “Optimization of FS drying and treatment performance in unplanted filter beds for better valorization of biosolides”
  • I participated at the Tech4Dev conference at Lausanne and the international SPLASH Workshop in Kampala, Uganda

The stay allowed me to be a more performant academic. The support received from the Sandec team and the support services from EPP program allowed me to achieve this objective. Many thanks to all at Sandec, especially to Linda, my main supervisor and his collaborator Moritz for all his support and advice. I think the EPP programme should be continued because it helps many students from developing countries to improve their career.

2009 EPP fellow at Sandec, Doulaye Koné

Jean Birane Gning
September - December, 2009
PhD student, Economics, University of Dakar, Senegal

During my stay at Eawag, I have been able to achieve the following:

  1. I have reframed my research through the additional documentation, which are not available in my university.
  2. I have written my research proposal. This part was the most important because it is the quality of proposal and especially the methodology, which will determine the quality of outcomes.
  3. I have been able to develop the main tools, which I need for this study:
  • SWPO workshops and Focus group
  • Survey of garbage collectors, scavengers and private operators
  • Interviews with stakeholders and resource persons
  • Household survey

Furthermore, I have also completed a short report on the socio-economic evaluation of electronic waste management in Senegal. In addition, I was able to substantially improve my English through the language course and practice.

Eawag has provided me with excellent working conditions.


2015 EPP fellow at Sandec, Dr. Christoph Lüthi

Alex Ojuka Jalameso, October – December, 2015

University: Makerere University Kampala, Uganda
Programme: MA Sociology. School of Social Sciences and Humanity
Research Topic: Impact of water supply, sanitation and hygiene interventions in the reduction of diarrhea among children under five years in Wandi Small Town, Arua District.

During my stay at Eawag as an EPP fellow, I have been able to accomplish the following planned tasks successfully;

  • Literature reviews on my research topic
  • Data processing and analysis
  • Thesis writing

Furthermore, I was able to present the field findings to Eawag/Sandec and the comments I received enriched my thesis and helpful to prepare a journal manuscript. I also received training on EndNote Library course. The training was very important because it simplified my literature reviews and organising them including the references. I should appreciate Dr. Stefan (Sandec) who  taught me  EndNote Library, this made the course manageable due to the prior knowledge I received from him.

2013 EPP fellow at Sandec, Chris Zurbrügg

Joel Kinobe, March - May 2013

University: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Uppsala in collaboration with Makerere University Kampala Uganda.
Research Title: “Optimization of the routing system for the collection and transportation of waste in Kampala city”

During my stay at Eawag I was able to do a literature search and managed to download many scientific papers that I will use while writing my PhD. I was able to address comments of another manuscript titled; “Mapping out the current waste collection system in Kampala City”. The manuscript will be sent to a scientific journal soon. I also received training in GIS software with emphasize on vehicle routing problem and network analysis. During my last month I structured my second paper entitled “Optimization of the routing system for the collection and transportation of waste in Kampala City”

I would like to acknowledge Dr. Christian Zurbrugg for the dedicated assistance, guidance and ideas he provided me with during the structuring and drafting of my research paper. I also wish to thank the staff of Sandec for the comments, and suggestions raised concerning my work.

2010 EPP fellow at Siam, Prof. Hans Mosler

Innocent K. Tumwebaze
June - August, 2010
Ph.D student, School of Public Health, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Uganda

During my stay at Eawag as an EPP fellow, I have been able to accomplish the following;

  • my NCCR PhD proposal entitled ‘Households’ demand and behavior towards improved sanitation in urban slum communities: the case of Kampala, Uganda’;
  • Developing clear objectives and specification of the independent and dependent variables for my PhD research,
  • Developing psychological models through the guidance of my mentors on the measurement indicators for the dependent variables, and
  • Development of the baseline questionnaire, as well as logistical planning for the baseline field research which will begin in October 2010.

Additionally, I was able to complete and submit a journal manuscript entitled ‘Ecological sanitation coverage and associated factors in Kabale Municipality, Uganda’ to the International Journal of Environmental Health Research and gained substantive training in the use of spread sheets and applicability of Google Earth for my PhD studies. I had a great stay at Eawag and priceless thanks to my mentors especially Prof. Hans-Joachim Mosler, Silvie Kraemer and Christoph Lüthi. My stay would not have also been a success without the warm integration into the Sandec family with whom I spent most of my time. I benefited greatly from the abundance of resourceful experts at Eawag and look forward for continued contribution to my PhD research.


2015 EPP fellow at Sandec, Supervisor Christian Zurbruegg

Thu Le Thi
May - July 2015
Center for Public Health and Ecosystem Research (CENPHER)
Master student at Hanoi School of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam

I have gained valuable experience and knowledge during the 3-month stay at Sandec/Eawag. Especially, I obtained basic knowledge on how to write a scientific paper and was able to apply it to complete my research paper on the topic: "Assessment of diarrhea risk by exposure to biogas wastewater in Ha Nam province, Vietnam" (to be submitted). Moreover, the friendly, dynamic and supportive working environment at Sandec/Eawag motivated me a lot to better myself for a professional research career ahead.

Many thanks for the great support from my supervisor and Sandec team.

2014 EPP fellow at Sandec

Nguyen Hong Nhung
October 2014 to January 2015
Center for public health and ecosystem research, Hanoi, Vietnam
MSc, Ghent University, Belgium

Under my EPP fellowship at Eawag, I did a research on “Assessment of climate change resilience of sanitation systems in Vietnam”. The main objective of my stay at Eawag was to assess the resilience of the current sanitation systems in Vietnam for climate change and propose the most suitable ones for future climate change response later in Vietnam by reviewing literature. I successfully completed  an article to be published in the Sandec News 2015. During my research, I received a lot of helpful guidance from my supervisor and support from the Sandec team.

Thanks to the Sandec team, Dubendorf and Zurich feel like home to me. No words can describe my gratefulness.

2012 EPP fellow at Sandec, Supervisor Rick Johnston

Tung Bui Huy
August to November 2012
Hanoi Medical College, Hanoi, Vietnam
Master student at Hanoi School of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam

Under my EPP fellowship at Eawag, I was able to work on my MS thesis titled “Assessing health risk due to exposure to arsenic in drinking water in Hanam Province, Vietnam”.

During my study, I used @Risk software and Environmental Health Risk Assessment method to have newer and deeper analysis on cancer risk of people using tube well water which is arsenic contaminated for drinking purpose. A draft of manuscript with new results has been written. I also used Endnote software well to build the electronic library on arsenic contamination and health risk. More importantly, I learned from my supervisor, from SANDEC members the skills (searching, document citations, issue analysis, writing skill…) and the logical, professional and very effective working style. I hope that I could apply all these things in my work in general and PhD thesis in particular in the future.

I would like to thank Rick very much for his enthusiastic, thoughtful help not only at work but also in everyday life. The SANDEC staffs were very friendly and supported me a lot. I will never forget you!

2009 EPP fellow at Sandec, C. Zurbrügg

Tu Vu Van
August – November 2009
Master student at Hanoi School of Public Health

I am a student of the Hanoi School of Public Health, and it is a great honour to benefit from the Eawag Partnership fellowship Program. During my fellowship at Eawag I was able to accomplish the following:

  1. Completion of my MSc work which dealt with developing a questionnaire to assess human behavior towards reusing wastewater and excreta in agriculture based on the Protection Motivation Theory framework.
  2. Eawag also funded an English class to help me improve my English. Now I feel confident about my English, but I know that learning English is a continuous process, and I will put all my effort into improving my English.
  3. I learned a lot from my supervisors and my colleagues about carrying out research and academic study.

I am thankful for your support, which helped me having the motivation in my work now and in the future.

2009 EPP fellow in Water Resources and Drinking Water, Michael Berg

Hoai Pham Manh
February - May 2009
PhD student at Hanoi University of Science, Vietnam

The main objective of my three months fellowship at Eawag was the assessment of analytical data on persistent organic pollutants and heavy metals in water and sediment of Hanoi sewer system. I successfully completed two manuscripts - one has been submitted to the Journal of Environmental Pollution, and the second one is being revised by my supervisor. It can gladly say that I was one of the luckiest Vietnamese to have had the opportunity to visit Eawag under the EPP fellowship program. During my stay in Eawag, I had a good chance to learn about new research and obtain significant knowledge related to my work from experienced scientists. I was able to enhance my skills in methodology of data assessment and writing scientific papers. I had the best working conditions with the enthusiastic interest of my supervisor and laboratory staff. In my opinion, Eawag is one of the best equipped institutes that I have visited so far.


2009 EPP fellow in Surface Waters, Dave Senn

Jason Wamulume
March - April, 2009
MSc student, University of Zambia, School of Mines, IWRM Centre, Zambia

My work in Switzerland consisted of the following:

  • Training in laboratory analysis of water samples
  • Modelling using ArcGis and other open source resources
  • ETH course and an independent study course on wetland biogeochemistry
  • Modelling using Aquasim
  • Attending group meetings and seminars
  • Thesis structuring

During my six weeks at EAWAG I received additional laboratory training and analyzed water samples for nitrite, nitrate, ammonium, ortho- phosphate, and alkalinity. These samples consisted of reservoir and river samples from the Kafue River basin in my study area in Zambia. I also learned how to use a mass spectrometer system to analyse water samples for dissolved inorganic carbon, oxygen and hydrogen isotopes. The results from this laboratory work will form part of my thesis for a chemical balance in the study area.

I also worked at ETH-Hönggerberg and learned how to use remote sensed data in ArcGis to determine subcatchments within my study area and estimate the amount of rainfall and evapotranspiration in those subcatchment. The data sources were USGS for a DEM, flow direction and accumulation models, and FEWs remote sensed rainfall data. The hydrologic estimates will be used in my thesis for developing a water balance.

In addition, I attended a course on pollutant dynamics and modeling at ETH-Zürich once a week. My supervisor and I also had an independent study course on wetland biogeochemistry and how the links between these concepts and my research in the Lower Kafue Basin. During my last week at EAWAG I also attended a mini-course on modeling using Aquasim, a software that I may use to model some of my data.

My training and stay here were very fruitful and helpful to my studies.