Department Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development

Sustainable Implementation

Most importantly, one must keep in mind that the engineering design of treatment technologies is only one aspect of sustainable faecal sludge management (FSM)! An integrated planning and management scheme is presented in the book, Faecal Sludge Management: Systems Approach to Implementation and Operation.

Our recent publications in this area are:

General FSM

Sustainable Implementation/Capacity development

SFD (Shit Flow Diagram) for seven cities in Africa and Asia