Water and Development

water, sanitation and hygiene

Access to safe drinking water and sanitation are recognized in the Millennium Development Goals as key contributors to human health and welfare. Hygienic practices are also crucially important to prevent the spread of diarrheal disease, a major cause of childhood mortality. Appropriate management of excreta protects the environment and can allow for the recovery of nutrients and energy.


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June 1, 2018

Southerly countries are rich in genetic resources. The companies that exploit this natural treasure commercially are very often from the northern, developed world, however. The Nagoya Protocol was created in order to ensure fair use of genetic resources and appropriate compensation.  Read more

May 24, 2018

Payment via mobile, replacement parts made on a 3D-printer, error messages via NFC-tag – Eawag doctoral student Caroline Saul has found some remarkable innovations in companies that market container toilets in developing countries. She sees great potential in making such technologies more widely available. Read more

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Scientific publications

Julian, T. R.; Vithanage, H. S. K.; Chua, M. L.; Kuroda, M.; Pitol, A. K.; Nguyen, P. H. L.; Canales, R. A.; Fujii, S.; Harada, H. (2018) High time-resolution simulation of E. coli on hands reveals large variation in microbial exposures amongst Vietnamese farmers using human excreta for agriculture, Science of the Total Environment, 635, 120-131, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.04.100, Institutional Repository
Navab-Daneshmand, T.; Friedrich, M. N. D.; Gächter, M.; Montealegre, M. C.; Mlambo, L. S.; Nhiwatiwa, T.; Mosler, H.-J.; Julian, T. R. (2018) Escherichia coli contamination across multiple environmental compartments (soil, hands, drinking water, and handwashing water) in urban Harare: correlations and risk factors, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 98(3), 803-813, doi:10.4269/ajtmh.17-0521, Institutional Repository
Harter, M.; Mosch, S.; Mosler, H.-J. (2018) How does community-led total sanitation (CLTS) affect latrine ownership? A quantitative case study from Mozambique, BMC Public Health, 18, 387 (10 pp.), doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5287-y, Institutional Repository
Reymond, P.; Abdel Wahaab, R.; Moussa, M. S.; Lüthi, C. (2018) Scaling up small scale wastewater treatment systems in low- and middle-income countries: an analysis of challenges and ways forward through the case of Egypt, Utilities Policy, 52, 13-21, doi:10.1016/j.jup.2018.03.008, Institutional Repository
To the library
Vögeli, Y.; Lohri, C. R.; Gallardo, A.; Diener, S.; Zurbrügg, C. (2014) Anaerobic digestion of biowaste in developing countries. Practical information and case studies, 135 p, Institutional Repository


Dr. Christoph Lüthi
  • developing countries
  • urban planning
  • sustainable water management
  • urban sanitation
  • urban water management
  • transdisciplinary research
  • drinking water
Regula Meierhofer
  • urban planning
  • sustainable water management
  • drinking water
  • water treatment
  • water supply