Water and Development

water, sanitation and hygiene

Access to safe drinking water and sanitation are recognized in the Millennium Development Goals as key contributors to human health and welfare. Hygienic practices are also crucially important to prevent the spread of diarrheal disease, a major cause of childhood mortality. Appropriate management of excreta protects the environment and can allow for the recovery of nutrients and energy.


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November 13, 2018

Many infectious viruses are transferred to humans from water or other liquids. A microbiologist at Eawag has now investigated how high the risk of infection is when someone comes into contact with polluted water. Read more

October 22, 2018

Even though the water we’ve used for washing our hands is barely contaminated, it usually disappears down the drain, never to be used again. A newly developed system allows handwashing water to be recycled, thus not only saving water, but also helping to prevent infectious diseases in developing countries. Read more

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Scientific publications

Marks, S. J.; Kumpel, E.; Guo, J.; Bartram, J.; Davis, J. (2018) Pathways to sustainability: a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis of rural water supply programs, Journal of Cleaner Production, 205, 789-798, doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.09.029, Institutional Repository
Bürgmann, H.; Frigon, D.; Gaze, W.; Manaia, C.; Pruden, A.; Singer, A. C.; Smets, B.; Zhang, T. (2018) Water and sanitation: an essential battlefront in the war on antimicrobial resistance, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 94(9), fiy101 (14 pp.), doi:10.1093/femsec/fiy101, Institutional Repository
van Welie, M. J.; Cherunya, P. C.; Truffer, B.; Murphy, J. T. (2018) Analysing transition pathways in developing cities: the case of Nairobi's splintered sanitation regime, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 137, 259-271, doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2018.07.059, Institutional Repository
Robinson, D. T.; Schertenleib, A.; Kunwar, B. M.; Shrestha, R.; Bhatta, M.; Marks, S. J. (2018) Assessing the impact of a risk-based intervention on piped water quality in rural communities: the case of mid-western Nepal, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(8), 1616 (23 pp.), doi:10.3390/ijerph15081616, Institutional Repository
To the library
Vögeli, Y.; Lohri, C. R.; Gallardo, A.; Diener, S.; Zurbrügg, C. (2014) Anaerobic digestion of biowaste in developing countries. Practical information and case studies, 135 p, Institutional Repository