Water and Development

water, sanitation and hygiene

Access to safe drinking water and sanitation are recognized in the Millennium Development Goals as key contributors to human health and welfare. Hygienic practices are also crucially important to prevent the spread of diarrheal disease, a major cause of childhood mortality. Appropriate management of excreta protects the environment and can allow for the recovery of nutrients and energy.


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February 19, 2019

The larvae of black soldier flies feed on organic waste matter. This has the potential not only to alleviate the waste problem in many countries, but also cut greenhouse gas emissions from waste disposal by around half. Read more

January 22, 2019

3 billion people worldwide live in cities without sewers or wastewater treatment plant infrastructure. This forces them to dump their waste into open waters, contaminating the drinking water for others downstream. Christoph Lüthi shows how we could harness nutrients in wastewater instead of harming human and environmental health. Read more

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Scientific publications

Gold, M.; Tomberlin, J. K.; Diener, S.; Zurbrügg, C.; Mathys, A. (2018) Decomposition of biowaste macronutrients, microbes, and chemicals in black soldier fly larval treatment: a review, Waste Management, 82, 302-318, doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2018.10.022, Institutional Repository
Meierhofer, R.; Bänziger, C.; Deppeler, S.; Kunwar, B. M.; Bhatta, M. (2018) From water source to tap of ceramic filters - factors that influence water quality between collection and consumption in rural households in Nepal, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(11), 2439 (14 pp.), doi:10.3390/ijerph15112439, Institutional Repository
Daniel, D.; Marks, S. J.; Pande, S.; Rietveld, L. (2018) Socio-environmental drivers of sustainable adoption of household water treatment in developing countries, npj Clean Water, 1(1), 12 (6 pp.), doi:10.1038/s41545-018-0012-z, Institutional Repository
Robinson, D. T.; Schertenleib, A.; Kunwar, B. M.; Shrestha, R.; Bhatta, M.; Marks, S. J. (2018) Assessing the impact of a risk-based intervention on piped water quality in rural communities: the case of mid-western Nepal, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(8), 1616 (23 pp.), doi:10.3390/ijerph15081616, Institutional Repository
van Welie, M. J.; Cherunya, P. C.; Truffer, B.; Murphy, J. T. (2018) Analysing transition pathways in developing cities: the case of Nairobi's splintered sanitation regime, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 137, 259-271, doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2018.07.059, Institutional Repository
To the library
Vögeli, Y.; Lohri, C. R.; Gallardo, A.; Diener, S.; Zurbrügg, C. (2014) Anaerobic digestion of biowaste in developing countries. Practical information and case studies, 135 p, Institutional Repository