Judit Lienert

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PD Dr. Judit Lienert

Group Leader, Cluster: DA (Decision Analysis)

Department Environmental Social Sciences

About Me

Leader of the Cluster Decision Analysis

in Department Environmental Social Sciences

Research interests

  • Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA)
  • Environmental decision making
  • Interdisciplinary approaches to integrate "hard facts" and "subjective values"
  • Simplify decision processes to increase their practicability
  • Problem structuring, elicitation of stakeholder preferences, behavioral aspects (Behavioral Operational Research), dealing with uncertainty
  • Transdisciplinary approaches to involve stakeholders in applied projects

Empirical Focus

  • Sustainable urban water management
  • Blue-green infrastructure, nature-based systems
  • Flood forecast and alert systems
  • River rehabilitation
  • Sustainable agriculture



  • Please see the projects on the Cluster Decision Analysis site
  • Urine source separation as new element in wastewater management: Novaquatis


CV / Publications

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Curriculum Vitae

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Aubert, A. H., Schmid, S., & Lienert, J. (2024). Can online interfaces enhance learning for public decision-making? Eliciting citizens' preferences for multicriteria decision analysis. European Journal of Operational Research, 314(2), 760-775. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2023.10.031, Institutional Repository
Aubert, A. H., & Lienert, J. (2024). Operational research for, with, and by citizens: an overview. European Journal of Operational Research, 316(3), 800-814. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2023.10.037, Institutional Repository
Petropoulos, F., Laporte, G., Aktas, E., Alumur, S. A., Archetti, C., Ayhan, H., … Zhao, X. (2024). Operational Research: methods and applications. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 75(3), 423-617. doi:10.1080/01605682.2023.2253852, Institutional Repository
Aubert, A. H., Lienert, J., & von Helversen, B. (2023). Gamified environmental multi‐criteria decision analysis: information on objectives and range insensitivity bias. International Transactions in Operational Research, 30(6), 3738-3770. doi:10.1111/itor.13206, Institutional Repository
Hofmann, B., Ingold, K., Stamm, C., Ammann, P., Eggen, R. I. L., Finger, R., … Hoffmann, S. (2023). Barriers to evidence use for sustainability: insights from pesticide policy and practice. Ambio, 52(2), 425-439. doi:10.1007/s13280-022-01790-4, Institutional Repository
Kuller, M., Beutler, P., & Lienert, J. (2023). Preference change in stakeholder group-decision processes in the public sector: extent, causes and implications. European Journal of Operational Research, 308, 1268-1285. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2022.12.001, Institutional Repository
Maurer, B., Lienert, J., & Cook, L. M. (2023). Comparing PV-green and PV-cool roofs to diverse rooftop options using decision analysis. Building and Environment, 245, 110922 (15 pp.). doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2023.110922, Institutional Repository
Aubert, A. H., McConville, J., Schmid, S., & Lienert, J. (2022). Gamifying and evaluating problem structuring: a card game workshop for generating decision objectives. EURO Journal on Decision Processes, 10, 100021 (13 pp.). doi:10.1016/j.ejdp.2022.100021, Institutional Repository
Aubert, A. H., Schmid, S., Beutler, P., & Lienert, J. (2022). Innovative online survey about sustainable wastewater management: what young Swiss citizens know and value. Environmental Science and Policy, 137, 323-335. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2022.08.018, Institutional Repository
Haag, F., Aubert, A. H., & Lienert, J. (2022). ValueDecisions, a web app to support decisions with conflicting objectives, multiple stakeholders, and uncertainty. Environmental Modelling and Software, 150, 105361 (19 pp.). doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2022.105361, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., Andersson, J. C. M., Hofmann, D., Silva Pinto, F., & Kuller, M. (2022). The role of multi-criteria decision analysis in a transdisciplinary process: co-developing a flood forecasting system in western Africa. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 26(11), 2899-2922. doi:10.5194/hess-26-2899-2022, Institutional Repository
Beutler, P., Larsen, T. A., Maurer, M., Staufer, P., & Lienert, J. (2021). Potenzial dezentraler Abwassersysteme. Aqua & Gas, 101(1), 66-75. , Institutional Repository
Kuller, M., Schoenholzer, K., & Lienert, J. (2021). Creating effective flood warnings: a framework from a critical review. Journal of Hydrology, 602, 126708 (16 pp.). doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2021.126708, Institutional Repository
Schmid, S., Vetschera, R., & Lienert, J. (2021). Testing fairness principles for public environmental infrastructure decisions. Group Decision and Negotiation, 30, 611-640. doi:10.1007/s10726-021-09725-2, Institutional Repository
Aubert, A. H., Esculier, F., & Lienert, J. (2020). Recommendations for online elicitation of swing weights from citizens in environmental decision-making. Operations Research Perspectives, 7, 100156 (13 pp.). doi:10.1016/j.orp.2020.100156, Institutional Repository
Hoffmann, S., Feldmann, U., Bach, P. M., Binz, C., Farrelly, M., Frantzeskaki, N., … Udert, K. M. (2020). A research agenda for the future of urban water management: exploring the potential of non-grid, small-grid, and hybrid solutions. Environmental Science and Technology, 54(9), 5312-5322. doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b05222, Institutional Repository
Aubert, A. H., & Lienert, J. (2019). Gamified online survey to elicit citizens' preferences and enhance learning for environmental decisions. Environmental Modelling and Software, 111, 1-12. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2018.09.013, Institutional Repository
Haag, F., Zürcher, S., & Lienert, J. (2019). Enhancing the elicitation of diverse decision objectives for public planning. European Journal of Operational Research, 279(3), 912-928. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2019.06.002, Institutional Repository
Haag, F., Lienert, J., Schuwirth, N., & Reichert, P. (2019). Identifying non-additive multi-attribute value functions based on uncertain indifference statements. Omega: the international journal of management science, 85, 49-67. doi:10.1016/, Institutional Repository
Haag, F., Reichert, P., Maurer, M., & Lienert, J. (2019). Integrating uncertainty of preferences and predictions in decision models: an application to regional wastewater planning. Journal of Environmental Management, 252, 109652 (16 pp.). doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109652, Institutional Repository
Harris-Lovett, S., Lienert, J., & Sedlak, D. (2019). A mixed-methods approach to strategic planning for multi-benefit regional water infrastructure. Journal of Environmental Management, 233, 218-237. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.11.112, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., & Linkov, I. (2019). Editorial featured papers on environmental decisions. EURO Journal on Decision Processes, 7(3-4), 151-157. doi:10.1007/s40070-019-00108-2, Institutional Repository
Marttunen, M., Weber, C., Åberg, U., & Lienert, J. (2019). Identifying relevant objectives in environmental management decisions: an application to a national monitoring program for river restoration. Ecological Indicators, 101, 851-866. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.11.042, Institutional Repository
Marttunen, M., Haag, F., Belton, V., Mustajoki, J., & Lienert, J. (2019). Methods to inform the development of concise objectives hierarchies in multi-criteria decision analysis. European Journal of Operational Research, 277(2), 604-620. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2019.02.039, Institutional Repository
Aubert, A. H., Bauer, R., & Lienert, J. (2018). A review of water-related serious games to specify use in environmental Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis. Environmental Modelling and Software, 105, 64-78. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2018.03.023, Institutional Repository
Harris-Lovett, S., Lienert, J., & Sedlak, D. L. (2018). Towards a new paradigm of urban water infrastructure: identifying goals and strategies to support multi-benefit municipal wastewater treatment. Water, 10(9), 1127 (22 pp.). doi:10.3390/w10091127, Institutional Repository
Marttunen, M., Belton, V., & Lienert, J. (2018). Are objectives hierarchy related biases observed in practice? A meta-analysis of environmental and energy applications of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis. European Journal of Operational Research, 265(1), 178-194. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2017.02.038, Institutional Repository
Zheng, J., & Lienert, J. (2018). Stakeholder interviews with two MAVT preference elicitation philosophies in a Swiss water infrastructure decision: aggregation using SWING-weighting and disaggregation using UTAGMS. European Journal of Operational Research, 267(1), 273-287. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2017.11.018, Institutional Repository
Marttunen, M., Lienert, J., & Belton, V. (2017). Structuring problems for multi-criteria decision analysis in practice: a literature review of method combinations. European Journal of Operational Research, 263(1), 1-17. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2017.04.041, Institutional Repository
Scholten, L., Maurer, M., & Lienert, J. (2017). Comparing multi-criteria decision analysis and integrated assessment to support long-term water supply planning. PLoS One, 12(5), e0176663 (30 pp.). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0176663, Institutional Repository
Langhans, S. D., & Lienert, J. (2016). Four common simplifications of multi-criteria decision analysis do not hold for river rehabilitation. PLoS One, 11(3), e0150695 (27 pp.). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0150695, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., Duygan, M., & Zheng, J. (2016). Preference stability over time with multiple elicitation methods to support wastewater infrastructure decision-making. European Journal of Operational Research, 253(3), 746-760. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2016.03.010, Institutional Repository
Zheng, J., Egger, C., & Lienert, J. (2016). A scenario-based MCDA framework for wastewater infrastructure planning under uncertainty. Journal of Environmental Management, 183(3), 895-908. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.09.027, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., Scholten, L., Egger, C., & Maurer, M. (2015). Structured decision-making for sustainable water infrastructure planning and four future scenarios. EURO Journal on Decision Processes, 3, 107-140. doi:10.1007/s40070-014-0030-0, Institutional Repository
Reichert, P., Langhans, S. D., Lienert, J., & Schuwirth, N. (2015). The conceptual foundation of environmental decision support. Journal of Environmental Management, 154, 316-332. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.01.053, Institutional Repository
Scholten, L., Schuwirth, N., Reichert, P., & Lienert, J. (2015). Tackling uncertainty in multi-criteria decision analysis – an application to water supply infrastructure planning. European Journal of Operational Research, 242(1), 243-260. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2014.09.044, Institutional Repository
Larsen, T. A., Udert, K. M., & Lienert, J. (2014). Abwassertrennung und Dezentralisierung. Aqua & Gas, 94(1), 52-54. , Institutional Repository
Scholten, L., Egger, C., Zheng, J., & Lienert, J. (2014). Multikriterielle Entscheidungsanalyse. Neue Ansätze für langfristige Infrastrukturplanung in der Wasserver- und -entsorgung. Aqua & Gas, 94(5), 62-69. , Institutional Repository
Scholten, L., Scheidegger, A., Reichert, P., Mauer, M., & Lienert, J. (2014). Strategic rehabilitation planning of piped water networks using multi-criteria decision analysis. Water Research, 49(1), 124-143. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2013.11.017, Institutional Repository
Veronesi, M., Chawla, F., Maurer, M., & Lienert, J. (2014). Climate change and the willingness to pay to reduce ecological and health risks from wastewater flooding in urban centers and the environment. Ecological Economics, 98, 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.12.005, Institutional Repository
Langhans, S. D., Lienert, J., Schuwirth, N., & Reichert, P. (2013). How to make river assessments comparable: a demonstration for hydromorphology. Ecological Indicators, 32, 264-275. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.03.027, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., Schnetzer, F., & Ingold, K. (2013). Stakeholder analysis combined with social network analysis provides fine-grained insights into water infrastructure planning processes. Journal of Environmental Management, 125, 134-148. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.03.052, Institutional Repository
Renner, R., Schneider, F., Hohenwallner, D., Kopeinig, C., Kruse, S., Lienert, J., … Muhar, S. (2013). Meeting the challenges of transdisciplinary knowledge production for sustainable water governance. Mountain Research and Development, 33(3), 234-247. doi:10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-13-00002.1, Institutional Repository
Koch, G., Lienert, J., & Maurer, M. (2012). Judit Lienert: "Wir arbeiten mit einer multikriteriellen Entscheidungsanalyse.". Aqua & Gas, 92(5), 8-9. , Institutional Repository
Schuwirth, N., Reichert, P., & Lienert, J. (2012). Methodological aspects of multi-criteria decision analysis for policy support: a case study on pharmaceutical removal from hospital wastewater. European Journal of Operational Research, 220(2), 472-483. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2012.01.055, Institutional Repository
Escher, B. I., Baumgartner, R., Koller, M., Treyer, K., Lienert, J., & McArdell, C. S. (2011). Environmental toxicology and risk assessment of pharmaceuticals from hospital wastewater. Water Research, 45(1), 75-92. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2010.08.019, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., Koller, M., Konrad, J., McArdell, C. S., & Schuwirth, N. (2011). Multiple-criteria decision analysis reveals high stakeholder preference to remove pharmaceuticals from hospital wastewater. Environmental Science and Technology, 45(9), 3848-3857. doi:10.1021/es1031294, Institutional Repository
Escher, B. I., Bramaz, N., Lienert, J., Neuwoehner, J., & Straub, J. O. (2010). Mixture toxicity of the antiviral drug Tamiflu® (oseltamivir ethylester) and its active metabolite oseltamivir acid. Aquatic Toxicology, 96(3), 194-202. doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2009.10.020, Institutional Repository
Larsen, T. A., Maurer, M., Eggen, R. I. L., Pronk, W., & Lienert, J. (2010). Decision support in urban water management based on generic scenarios: the example of NoMix technology. Journal of Environmental Management, 91(12), 2676-2687. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.07.032, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., & Larsen, T. A. (2010). High acceptance of urine source separation in seven European countries: a review. Environmental Science and Technology, 44(2), 556-566. doi:10.1021/es9028765, Institutional Repository
Larsen, T. A., Alder, A. C., Eggen, R. I. L., Maurer, M., & Lienert, J. (2009). Source separation: Will we see a paradigm shift in wastewater handling?. Environmental Science and Technology, 43(16), 6121-6125. doi:10.1021/es803001r, Institutional Repository
Rossi, L., Lienert, J., & Larsen, T. A. (2009). Real-life efficiency of urine source separation. Journal of Environmental Management, 90(5), 1909-1917. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.006, Institutional Repository
Borsuk, M. E., Maurer, M., Lienert, J., & Larsen, T. A. (2008). Charting a path for innovative toilet technology using multicriteria decision analysis. Environmental Science and Technology, 42(6), 1855-1862. doi:10.1021/es702184p, Institutional Repository
Larsen, T., & Lienert, J. (2007). NoMix-Technologie. Chance für Siedlungswasserwirtschaft. GWA Gas, Wasser, Abwasser, 87(4), 255-262. , Institutional Repository
Larsen, T. A., Maurer, M., Udert, K. M., & Lienert, J. (2007). Nutrient cycles and resource management: implications for the choice of wastewater treatment technology. Water Science and Technology, 56(5), 229-237. doi:10.2166/wst.2007.576, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., & Larsen, T. A. (2007). Pilot projects in bathrooms: a new challenge for wastewater professionals. Water Practice and Technology, 2(3), 1-14. doi:10.2166/wpt.2007.057, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., Bürki, T., & Escher, B. I. (2007). Reducing micropollutants with source control: substance flow analysis of 212 pharmaceuticals in faeces and urine. Water Science and Technology, 56(5), 87-96. doi:10.2166/wst.2007.560, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., Güdel, K., & Escher, B. I. (2007). Screening method for ecotoxicological hazard assessment of 42 pharmaceuticals considering human metabolism and excretory routes. Environmental Science and Technology, 41(12), 4471-4478. doi:10.1021/es0627693, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., & Larsen, T. A. (2007). Soft paths in wastewater management – the pros and cons of urine source separation. GAIA: Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, 16(4), 280-288. doi:10.14512/gaia.16.4.10, Institutional Repository
Pronk, W., Zuleeg, S., Lienert, J., Escher, B., Koller, M., Berner, A., … Boller, M. (2007). Pilot experiments with electrodialysis and ozonation for the production of a fertiliser from urine. Water Science and Technology, 56(5), 219-227. doi:10.2166/wst.2007.575, Institutional Repository
Escher, B. I., Bramaz, N., Richter, M., & Lienert, J. (2006). Comparative ecotoxicological hazard assessment of beta-blockers and their human metabolites using a mode-of-action-based test battery and a QSAR approach. Environmental Science and Technology, 40(23), 7402-7408. doi:10.1021/es052572v, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., & Larsen, T. A. (2006). Considering user attitude in early development of environmentally friendly technology: a case study of NoMix toilets. Environmental Science and Technology, 40(16), 4838-4844. doi:10.1021/es060075o, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., Monstadt, J., & Truffer, B. (2006). Future scenarios for a sustainable water sector: a case study from Switzerland. Environmental Science and Technology, 40(2), 436-442. doi:10.1021/es0514139, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., Thiemann, K., Kaufmann-Hayoz, R., & Larsen, T. A. (2006). Young users accept NoMix toilets – a questionnaire survey on urine source separating toilets in a college in Switzerland. Water Science and Technology, 54(11-12), 403-412. doi:10.2166/wst.2006.920, Institutional Repository
Diemer, M., Billeter, R., Hooftman, D. A. P., Oetiker, K., & Lienert, J. (2005). Die langfristigen Auswirkungen von Nutzungsänderungen auf häufige Pflanzenarten montaner Kalkflachmoore in der Schweiz. Natur und Landschaft, 80(2), 63-68. , Institutional Repository
Truffer, B., Lienert, J., & Monstadt, J. (2005). Zukünfte der Siedlungswasserwirtschaft. Eine Szenarioanalyse für die Schweiz. GWA Gas, Wasser, Abwasser, 85(9), 695-702. , Institutional Repository
Larsen, T. A., Lienert, J., Joss, A., & Siegrist, H. (2004). How to avoid pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment. Journal of Biotechnology, 113(1-3), 295-304. doi:10.1016/j.jbiotec.2004.03.033, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., & Fischer, M. (2004). Experimental inbreeding reduces seed production and germination independent of fragmentation of populations of Swertia perennis. Basic and Applied Ecology, 5(1), 43-52. doi:10.1078/1439-1791-00212, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J. (2004). Habitat fragmentation effects on fitness of plant populations - a review. Journal for Nature Conservation, 12(1), 53-72. doi:10.1016/j.jnc.2003.07.002, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., & Fischer, M. (2003). Habitat fragmentation affects the common wetland specialist Primula farinosa in north-east Switzerland. Journal of Ecology, 91(4), 587-599. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2745.2003.00793.x, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., Haller, M., Berner, A., Stauffacher, M., & Larsen, T. A. (2003). How farmers in Switzerland perceive fertilizers from recycled anthropogenic nutrients (urine). Water Science and Technology, 48(1), 47-56. doi:10.2166/wst.2003.0013, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M., Lienert, J., Schneller, J., & Diemer, M. (2002). Isozyme variability of the wetland specialist Swertia perennis (Gentianaceae) in relation to habitat size, isolation, and plant fitness. American Journal of Botany, 89(5), 801-811. doi:10.3732/ajb.89.5.801, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J., & Larsen, T. A. (2002). Urinseparierung - eine Alternative für die schweizerische Siedlungswasserwirtschaft?. GWA Gas, Wasser, Abwasser, 82(11), 819-826. , Institutional Repository

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Phone: +41 58 765 5574
Fax: +41 58 765 5802
Address: Eawag
Überlandstrasse 133
8600 Dübendorf
Office: FC E28

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Expert on

decision analysis, public acceptability, sustainable water management, stakeholder participation, transdisciplinary research

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Research Group

Competence Cluster
Decision Analysis

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