Department Environmental Social Sciences

Same, same but different? Multiplex networks in Swiss and German Climate Mitigation Policy.

Mitigating climate change is a complex policy problem. Sources of harmful greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions can be found in almost all societal and economic sectors. Likewise, the group of polluters is diverse ranging from the industry enterprise to the individual. Effective climate policies must be designed to cope with this diversity in target groups. Hence, when formulating and implementing climate policy, the responsible decision-makers necessarily coordinate with a wide range of stakeholders like administrative entities from different sectors, political parties, interest groups, civil society organization, or science institutions. These actors participate in different formal political events (e.g. hearings, votes, committee meetings), informal meetings, express their opinions publicly in the press, or actively launch political initiatives to advocate for their interests and to coordinate their activities with likeminded alters. In this project, we aim to disentangle this complexity, by identifying the stakeholders, analyzing their beliefs and interests, and studying factors that influence their coordination behavior at the different arenas of policymaking. Moreover, we go a step further and compare if, how and why political actors behave differently at different policy arenas, i.e. pursue divergent coordination strategies, form deviant alliances, or even adjust their beliefs. To study the drivers of coordination in such a complex policy-setting, we investigate multiplex networks that comprise different relations (e.g. information, collaboration, resource exchange) for the same set actors. To this end, we use different types of data sources and methods like surveys, interviews, document, and media analysis. With Switzerland and Germany, we selected two countries that are similarity in the political system and policy subsystem, but different in the larger socio-economic structure. Based on these findings, the project will give more practical evidence about how a joint problem understanding, or how bringing diverse stakeholders around one table, might enhance climate policy coordination at the domestic level. And, this should then finally translate in effective and efficient solutions to tackle the climate change dilemma.

This project is part of the Compon Project.

Project Team

Prof. Dr. Karin Ingold Group leader, Cluster: PEGO Tel. +41 58 765 5676 Send Mail

External Team Members

Dr. Marlene Kammerer (Institut für Politikwissenschaft, Universität Bern)

Project Partners

Tuomas Ylä-Anttila (University of Helsinki)

Lena Schaffer (University of Luzern)

Keiichi Satoh (University of Helsinki)


Kammerer, Marlene, Crameri, Fadri, & Ingold, Karin (2019): Das Klima und die EU: Eine Diskursperspektive auf die deutsche und schweizerische Klimapolitik, in: Emmenegger, Patrick, Giger, Nathalie, Careja, Romana (eds.): The European Social Model under Pressure – Liber Amicorum in Honour of Klaus Armingeon. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-27043-8_34. Publisher: Springer

Kammerer, Marlene & Ingold, Karin, 2019: Connectivity between international and national policymaking: The Impact of Climate Summits on Swiss National Policymaking. Conference Proceeding, In ECPR General Confernce, Wroclav, Poland, 2019.

Kammerer, Marlene 2018: Climate Politics at the Intersection between International Dynamics and National Decision-making: A Policy Network Approach, Dissertation, University of Zurich.


Workshop “Comparing Climate Change Policy Networks”
22 - 25 October 2019, University of Bern, Switzerland

The 2019 Comparing Climate Change Policy Networks (COMPON, workshop gathers junior and senior researchers from different countries. The purpose is to deliberate methodologies, data collection, future research collaborations, and the future development of the common COMPON project ( which is currently spanning >20 countries.
The main objective of this project is to strengthen collaboration between COMPON researchers and to evolve the COMPON project. The COMPON project is an international project that exists since 2007 and its focus lies on investigating and comparing the different national social and policy responses to mitigate climate change.
The first objective of this workshop includes updates on each country teams’ work progress, exchange of ideas, and best practices in the analysis of climate policy networks, and planning for new collaborations between COMPON researchers. The second objective includes identifying strengths and weaknesses in the project, such as in methodologies and data collection practices, and planning for the future, such as how to raise awareness about the COMPON project and expand it to include new countries. The third objective is to coordinate new data collection rounds planned in the next couple of years in particular by the Swiss, Finish, and Japanese COMPON teams to ensure that the collected data will be comparable across countries. The fourth objective is to get to know new and interested junior and senior researches (PhDs/early Postdocs/ Senior researches) from around the world, working with climate policy networks and to evaluate potential collaborations.

For further information go to: Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)


Prof. Dr. Karin Ingold Group leader, Cluster: PEGO Tel. +41 58 765 5676 Send Mail


Project duration: September 2020 – August 2024

Funding: SNF Project– Division 1