This new research project is co-funded by ETH for Development (ETH4D) and Sandec. Our researchers, together with our partners from Bangladesh Red Crescent Society, aim to understand the current governance structure of sanitation interventions in the humanitarian setting in Bangladesh and the roles and motivations of the local host government, coordinating humanitarian agencies, and local stakeholders. The research aims to analyse the institutional enabling environment that contributes to successful sanitation interventions. This governance research is further enriched through stakeholder analysis and a novel institutional social network analysis. The research will test innovative community-based monitoring of sanitation systems, and evaluate if such methods can strengthen the overall sanitation governance in humanitarian aid contexts. In the case of Bangladesh, community-based monitoring methods and the communication of information must be approached differently, since Rohingya is mainly a spoken language. Visual storytelling will be tested to effect community-led monitoring practices. Through this project, the much-needed understanding of sanitation governance in humanitarian aid contexts is obtained, and innovative community-based monitoring methods are explored to understand their effects on overall sanitation governance.