Department Environmental Social Sciences

Decision-making processes in national and international climate policy and politics


Climate change is an environmental problem of global scale. In consequence, policy, which aims at mitigating climate change, is necessarily at the crossroads between international dynamics and national policymaking. This “two-level “game is the focus of this research area. Particularly, we are interested in the factors and mechanisms, which explain the selection of policy instruments and targets. We investigate the implementation of different policy instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, through a detailed analysis and comparison of preferences and decision-making strategies of political elites in national processes and delegates in international climate conferences. Moreover, we analyse the reasons for the often-observed divergence of international commitments and national positions. A second focus of this research area is the comparison of different methods to analysis policy preferences and decision-making processes in climate policy. We rely on both quantitative and qualitative methods, for example discourse network analysis, social network analysis, regression, and multicriteria analysis.


Homepage with further information (University of Bern)

Project Team

Prof. Dr. Karin Ingold Group leader, Cluster: PEGO Tel. +41 58 765 5676 Send Mail

External team members

Dr. Marlene Kammerer (Institute of Political Science, Universität Bern)


Ingold, K.; Pflieger, G. (2016) Two levels, two strategies: explaining the gap between Swiss national and international responses toward climate change, European Policy Analysis, 2(1), 20-38, doi:10.18278/epa.2.1.4, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Fischer, M. (2014) Drivers of collaboration to mitigate climate change: an illustration of Swiss climate policy over 15 years, Global Environmental Change, 24(1), 88-98, doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.11.021, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Varone, F. (2012) Treating policy brokers seriously: evidence from the climate policy, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 22(2), 319-346, doi:10.1093/jopart/mur035, Institutional Repository


Prof. Dr. Karin Ingold Group leader, Cluster: PEGO Tel. +41 58 765 5676 Send Mail


Project Start: September 2014 – July 2020

Funding: Sinergia SNF, OCCR, IPW