Department Environmental Social Sciences

Policy Analysis and Environmental Governance (PEGO)


Prof. Dr. Karin IngoldGroup leader, Cluster: PEGOTel. +41 58 765 5676Send Mail
Dr. Manuel FischerGroup leader, Cluster: PEGOTel. +41 58 765 5676Send Mail

Research in the cluster Policy Analysis and Environmental Governance (PEGO) is driven by current complex environmental and societal challenges. These include the integration of different aspects of water resource management; the drivers and impacts of climate change; and the transition toward a clean energy system.

We utilize policy process theories, institutional analysis and multi-level governance frameworks to study a wide variety of substantial issues. Typical examples are

  • innovative and effective policy design,
  • instrument choice under uncertainty,
  • the integration of actors from different spatial scales or levels and stages of the policy process.

We adopt a strong methodological focus on approaches that analyze and model social networks. We combine these approaches with other quantitative and qualitative methods such as discourse analysis, qualitative comparative analysis and multicriteria decision analysis.

PEGO holds an affiliation to the Chair of Environmental Policy Analysis at the University of Bern.


Outreach article in Aqua & Gas

Manuel Fischer, Karin Ingold and Mert Duygan have published an outreach article in Aqua & Gas on "PlaNet", their innovative online planning tool for municipalities.

Open access special issue in the journal Water named "Public Policy Analysis of Integrated Water Resource Management"

Karin Ingold and Jale Tosun published an open access special issue in the journal Water named "Public Policy Analysis of Integrated Water Resource Management". They wrote an editorial where they outline how principles of policy studies can be brought together with dimensions from integrated water resources management (IWRM).

Manuel Fischer and Karin Ingold publish new book

A new book (Networks in Water Governance) edited by Manuel Fischer and Karin Ingold explores the latest applications of network analysis to the study and practice of water governance. It covers water governance issues such as flood protection and fisheries, as well as overarching concepts like integrated water management and social-ecological interactions. 

Karin Ingold and Manuel Fischer win 2018 Theodore J. Lowi Policy Studies Journal Best Article Award

Karin Ingold, Manuel Fischer and Paul Cairney won the “2018 Theodore J. Lowi Policy Studies Journal Best Article Award from the Public Policy Section of the American Political Science Association” for their publication “Drivers for Policy Agreement in Nascent Subsystems: An Application of the Advocacy Coalition Framework to Fracking Policy in Switzerland and the UK”. The Theodore J. Lowi Policy Studies Journal Best Article Award is given to recognize an article of particular distinction published at any time in Policy Studies Journal.

New brochure on 1868 floods impact on Switzerland

In a joint effort several OCCR research groups, also PEGO with Karin Ingold, have realized a publication for the general public on the effects of the floods of 1868 on Switzerland. On 11 September 2018 this brochure has been launched at the House of the Academies in Bern. Link Brochure:; video: Youtube.

Successful conclusion of CrossWater Project analyzing the transboundary management of micropollutants

April marked the conclusion of a large interdisciplinary project where Karin Ingold and Laura Herzog from PEGO joined forces with a broad range of scientists from other disciplines to analyze how the management of micropollutants works across borders. A succinct summary can be found here:


Local climate change adaptation strategies
Impact of distant socio-ecological systems (telecoupling) on land-use decision-making
What are the biggest obstacles to a better surface water protection during wet-weather? an inter- and trans-disciplinary research project, studying environmental, health and institutional dimensions of pesticide use in tropical settings
Digitalization is one of the most popular trends in public sector relying on information and communication technologies, internet of things, big data, sensor networks and artificial intelligence.
Social-ecological networks allow for the joint modeling of ecological interdependencies and governance structure.
We investigate the implementation of different policy instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, through a detailed analysis of international climate conferences.
This project disentangles the complexity of climate policy making by analyzing and comparing different climate networks in Switzerland and Germany
This project develops an interdisciplinary theory to explain countries’ motivation in a multilevel governance system to translate their international commitments regarding climate change mitigation into their domestic policies (i.e. policy objectives and instruments).


Prof. Dr. Karin IngoldGroup leader, Cluster: PEGOTel. +41 58 765 5676Send Mail
Dr. Manuel FischerGroup leader, Cluster: PEGOTel. +41 58 765 5676Send Mail
Dr. Mert DuyganTel. +41 58 765 5749Send Mail
Dr. Mario AngstPostdoctoral Researcher, Cluster: PEGOTel. +41 58 765 5309Send Mail
Martin HuberDoctoral Student, Cluster: PEGOTel. +41 58 765 6435Send Mail
Liliane MannyDoctoral StudentTel. +41 58 765 6402Send Mail


Publications 2020

Pakizer, K.; Fischer, M.; Lieberherr, E. (2020) Policy instrument mixes for operating modular technology within hybrid water systems, Environmental Science and Policy, 105, 120-133, doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2019.12.009, Institutional Repository
Narayan, A. S.; Fischer, M.; Lüthi, C. (2020) Social network analysis for water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH): application in governance of decentralized wastewater treatment in India using a novel validation methodology, Frontiers in Environmental Science, 7, 198 (18 pp.), doi:10.3389/fenvs.2019.00198, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Jager, N. W. (2020) How policy-specific factors influence horizontal cooperation among subnational governments: evidence from the Swiss water sector, Publius: The Journal of Federalism, 50(4), 645-671, doi:10.1093/publius/pjaa002, Institutional Repository
Pärli, R.; Fischer, M. (2020) Implementing the Agenda 2030 - what is the role of forums?, International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 27(5), 443-457, doi:10.1080/13504509.2020.1719546, Institutional Repository
Metz, F.; Angst, M.; Fischer, M. (2020) Policy integration: do laws or actors integrate issues relevant to flood risk management in Switzerland?, Global Environmental Change, 61, 101945 (12 pp.), doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.101945, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Gavilano, A. (2020) Under what conditions does an extreme event deploy its focal power? Toward collaborative governance in Swiss flood risk management, In: Bynander, F.; Nohrstedt, D. (Eds.), Collaborative crisis management. Inter-organizational approaches to extreme events, 132-147, doi:10.4324/9780429244308-11, Institutional Repository
Weible, C. M.; Nohrstedt, D.; Cairney, P.; Carter, D. P.; Crow, D. A.; Durnová, A. P.; Heikkila, T.; Ingold, K.; McConnell, A.; Stone, D. (2020) COVID-19 and the policy sciences: initial reactions and perspectives, Policy Sciences, 53, 225-241, doi:10.1007/s11077-020-09381-4, Institutional Repository
Pham-Truffert, M.; Metz, F.; Fischer, M.; Rueff, H.; Messerli, P. (2020) Interactions among sustainable development goals: knowledge for identifying multipliers and virtuous cycles, Sustainable Development, 28(5), 1236-1250, doi:10.1002/sd.2073, Institutional Repository
Berardo, R.; Fischer, M.; Hamilton, M. (2020) Collaborative governance and the challenges of network-based research, American Review of Public Administration (ARPA), 50(8), 898-913, doi:10.1177/0275074020927792, Institutional Repository
Brandenberger, L.; Ingold, K.; Fischer, M.; Schläpfer, I.; Leifeld, P. (2020) Boundary spanning through engagement of policy actors in multiple issues, Policy Studies Journal, doi:10.1111/psj.12404, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Ingold, K. (2020) Networks in water governance, 333 p, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-46769-2, Institutional Repository
Trencher, G.; Rinscheid, A.; Duygan, M.; Truong, N.; Asuka, J. (2020) Revisiting carbon lock-in in energy systems: explaining the perpetuation of coal power in Japan, Energy Research and Social Science, 69, 101770 (17 pp.), doi:10.1016/j.erss.2020.101770, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Tosun, J. (2020) Special issue "public policy analysis of integrated water resource management", Water, 12(9), 2321 (7 pp.), doi:10.3390/w12092321, Institutional Repository
Glaus, A.; Mosimann, M.; Röthlisberger, V.; Ingold, K. (2020) How flood risks shape policies: flood exposure and risk perception in Swiss municipalities, Regional Environmental Change, 20(4), 120 (17 pp.), doi:10.1007/s10113-020-01705-7, Institutional Repository
Duygan, M.; Stauffacher, M.; Meylan, G. (2021) What constitutes agency? Determinants of actors' influence on formal institutions in Swiss waste management, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 162, 120413 (13 pp.), doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120413, Institutional Repository
Möhring, N.; Ingold, K.; Kudsk, P.; Martin-Laurent, F.; Niggli, U.; Siegrist, M.; Studer, B.; Walter, A.; Finger, R. (2020) Pathways for advancing pesticide policies, Nature Food, 1, 535-540, doi:10.1038/s43016-020-00141-4, Institutional Repository

Publications 2019

Lieberherr, E.; Fischer, M.; Tschannen, A. (2019) Taking stock of institutional resource regime research: a meta-analysis, Environmental Science and Policy, 97, 81-89, doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2019.04.003, Institutional Repository
Angst, M. (2019) Networks of Swiss water governance issues. Studying fit between media attention and organizational activity, Society and Natural Resources, 32(12), 1416-1432, doi:10.1080/08941920.2018.1535102, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Maag, S. (2019) Why are cross-sectoral forums important to actors? Forum contributions to cooperation, learning, and resource distribution, Policy Studies Journal, 47(1), 114-137, doi:10.1111/psj.12310, Institutional Repository
Herzog, L. M.; Ingold, K. (2019) Threats to common-pool resources and the importance of forums: on the emergence of cooperation in CPR problem settings, Policy Studies Journal, 47(1), 77-113, doi:10.1111/psj.12308, Institutional Repository
Andriamihaja, O. R.; Metz, F.; Zaehringer, J. G.; Fischer, M.; Messerli, P. (2019) Land competition under telecoupling: distant actors' environmental versus economic claims on land in north-eastern Madagascar, Sustainability, 11(3), 851 (24 pp.), doi:10.3390/su11030851, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Driessen, P. P. J.; Runhaar, H. A. C.; Widmer, A. (2018) On the necessity of connectivity: linking key characteristics of environmental problems with governance modes, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 62(11), 1821-1844, doi:10.1080/09640568.2018.1486700, Institutional Repository
Lieberherr, E.; Ingold, K. (2019) Actors in water governance: barriers and bridges for coordination, Water, 11(2), 326 (17 pp.), doi:10.3390/w11020326, Institutional Repository
Weible, C. M.; Ingold, K.; Nohrstedt, D.; Henry, A. D.; Jenkins-Smith, H. C. (2020) Sharpening advocacy coalitions, Policy Studies Journal, 48(4), 1054-1081, doi:10.1111/psj.12360, Institutional Repository
Bodin, Ö.; Alexander, S. M.; Baggio, J.; Barnes, M. L.; Berardo, R.; Cumming, G. S.; Dee, L. E.; Fischer, A. P.; Fischer, M.; Mancilla Garcia, M.; Guerrero, A. M.; Hileman, J.; Ingold, K.; Matous, P.; Morrison, T. H.; Nohrstedt, D.; Pittman, J.; Robins, G.; Sayles, J. S. (2019) Improving network approaches to the study of complex social–ecological interdependencies, Nature Sustainability, 2(7), 551-559, doi:10.1038/s41893-019-0308-0, Institutional Repository
Mewhirter, J.; McLaughlin, D. M.; Fischer, M. (2019) The role of forum membership diversity on institutional externalities in resource governance systems, Society and Natural Resources, 32(11), 1239-1257, doi:10.1080/08941920.2019.1646366, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Nguyen, M.; Strande, L. (2019) Context matters: horizontal and hierarchical network governance structures in Vietnam's sanitation sector, Ecology and Society, 24(3), 17 (14 pp.), doi:10.5751/ES-11036-240317, Institutional Repository

Publications 2018

Ingold, K.; Moser, A.; Metz, F.; Herzog, L.; Bader, H.-P.; Scheidegger, R.; Stamm, C. (2018) Misfit between physical affectedness and regulatory embeddedness: thecase of drinking water supply along the Rhine River, Global Environmental Change, 48, 136-150, doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.11.006, Institutional Repository
Widmer, A. (2018) Mainstreaming climate adaptation in Switzerland: how the national adaptation strategy is implemented differently across sectors, Environmental Science and Policy, 82, 71-78, doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2018.01.007, Institutional Repository
Angst, M.; Widmer, A.; Fischer, M.; Ingold, K. (2018) Connectors and coordinators in natural resource governance: insights from Swiss water supply, Ecology and Society, 23(2), 1 (15 pp.), doi:10.5751/ES-10030-230201, Institutional Repository
Brandenberger, L. (2018) Trading favors - examining the temporal dynamics of reciprocity in congressional collaborations using relational event models, Social Networks, 54, 238-253, doi:10.1016/j.socnet.2018.02.001, Institutional Repository
Weible, C. M.; Ingold, K. (2018) Why advocacy coalitions matter and practical insights about them, Policy & Politics, 46(2), 325-343, doi:10.1332/030557318X15230061739399, Institutional Repository
Cairney, P.; Fischer, M.; Ingold, K. (2018) Fracking in the UK and Switzerland: why differences in policymaking systems don’t always produce different outputs and outcomes, Policy & Politics, 46(1), 125-147, doi:10.1332/030557316X14793989976783, Institutional Repository
Kammermann, L.; Dermont, C. (2018) How beliefs of the political elite and citizens on climate change influence support for Swiss energy transition policy, Energy Research and Social Science, 43, 48-60, doi:10.1016/j.erss.2018.05.010, Institutional Repository
Metz, F.; Leifeld, P.; Ingold, K. (2018) Interdependent policy instrument preferences: a two-mode network approach, Journal of Public Policy, 39(4), 609-636, doi:10.1017/S0143814X18000181, Institutional Repository
Maag, S.; Fischer, M. (2018) Why government, interest groups, and research coordinate: the different purposes of forums, Society and Natural Resources, 31(11), 1248-1265, doi:10.1080/08941920.2018.1484973, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Stadelmann-Steffen, I.; Kammermann, L. (2019) The acceptance of instruments in instrument mix situations: citizens' perspective on Swiss energy transition, Research Policy, 48, 103694 (11 pp.), doi:10.1016/j.respol.2018.10.018, Institutional Repository
Angst, M. (2020) Bottom-up identification of subsystems in complex governance systems, Policy Studies Journal, 48(3), 782-805, doi:10.1111/psj.12301, Institutional Repository
Kammermann, L.; Ingold, K. (2018) Going beyond technocratic and democratic principles: stakeholder acceptance of instruments in Swiss energy policy, Policy Sciences, 52(1), 43-65, doi:10.1007/s11077-018-9341-5, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Varone, F.; Gava, R.; Sciarini, P. (2019) How MPs ties to interest groups matter for legislative co-sponsorship, Social Networks, 57, 34-42, doi:10.1016/j.socnet.2018.12.001, Institutional Repository

Publications 2017

Fischer, M.; Schläpfer, I. (2017) Metagovernance and policy forum outputs in Swiss environmental politics, Environmental Politics, 26(5), 870-892, doi:10.1080/09644016.2017.1284981, Institutional Repository
Leifeld, P.; Wankmüller, S.; Berger, V. T. Z.; Ingold, K.; Steiner, C. (2017) Collaboration patterns in the German political science co-authorship network, PLoS One, 12(4), e0174671 (35 pp.), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0174671, Institutional Repository
Jiang, D.; Fischer, M.; Huang, Z.; Kunz, N. (2017) Identifying drivers of China's provincial wastewater reuse outcomes using qualitative comparative analysis, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 22(2), 369-376, doi:10.1111/jiec.12584, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Ingold, K.; Ivanova, S. (2017) Information exchange under uncertainty: the case of unconventional gas development in the United Kingdom, Land Use Policy, 67, 200-211, doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.05.003, Institutional Repository
Metz, F.; Ingold, K. (2017) Politics of the precautionary principle: assessing actors' preferences in water protection policy, Policy Sciences, 50(4), 721-743, doi:10.1007/s11077-017-9295-z, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Angst, M.; Maag, S. (2019) Co-participation in the Swiss water forum network, International Journal of Water Resources Development, 35(3), 446-464, doi:10.1080/07900627.2017.1374929, Institutional Repository
Malang, T.; Brandenberger, L.; Leifeld, P. (2018) Networks and social influence in European legislative politics, British Journal of Political Science, 49(4), 1475-1498, doi:10.1017/S0007123417000217, Institutional Repository

Publications 2016

Angst, M.; Hirschi, C. (2017) Network dynamics in natural resource governance: a case study of Swiss landscape management, Policy Studies Journal, 45(2), 315-336, doi:10.1111/psj.12145, Institutional Repository
Thomann, E.; Lieberherr, E.; Ingold, K. (2016) Torn between state and market: private policy implementation and conflicting institutional logics, Policy and Society, 35(1), 57-69, doi:10.1016/j.polsoc.2015.12.001, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Sciarini, P. (2016) Drivers of collaboration in political decision making: a cross-sector perspective, Journal of Politics, 78(1), 63-74, doi:10.1086/683061, Institutional Repository
Kunz, N. C.; Fischer, M.; Ingold, K.; Hering, J. G. (2016) Drivers for and against municipal wastewater recycling: a review, Water Science and Technology, 73(2), 251-259, doi:10.2166/wst.2015.496, Institutional Repository
Markard, J.; Suter, M.; Ingold, K. (2016) Socio-technical transitions and policy change – advocacy coalitions in Swiss energy policy, Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 18, 215-237, doi:10.1016/j.eist.2015.05.003, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Leifeld, P. (2014) Structural and institutional determinants of influence reputation: a comparison of collaborative and adversarial policy networks in decision making and implementation, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 26(1), 1-18, doi:10.1093/jopart/muu043, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Maggetti, M. (2016) Qualitative comparative analysis and the study of policy processes, Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, 1-17, doi:10.1080/13876988.2016.1149281, Institutional Repository
Leifeld, P. (2016) Policy debates as dynamic networks. German pension politics and privatization discourse, 354 p, Institutional Repository
Varone, F.; Ingold, K. M.; Fischer, M. (2016) Administration et réseaux d'action publique, In: Giauque, D.; Emery, Y. (Eds.), L'acteur et la bureaucratie au XXle siècle, 115-140, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Ingold, K.; Sciarini, P.; Varone, F. (2016) Dealing with bad guys: actor- and process-level determinants of the “devil shift” in policy making, Journal of Public Policy, 36(2), 309-334, doi:10.1017/S0143814X15000021, Institutional Repository
Towfigh, E. V.; Goerg, S. J.; Glöckner, A.; Leifeld, P.; Llorente-Saguer, A.; Bade, S.; Kurschilgen, C. (2016) Do direct-democratic procedures lead to higher acceptance than political representation? Experimental survey evidence from Germany, Public Choice, 167, 47-65, doi:10.1007/s11127-016-0330-y, Institutional Repository
Varone, F.; Ingold, K.; Jourdain, C. (2016) Studying policy advocacy through social network analysis, European Political Science Review, 1-15, doi:10.1057/eps.2016.16, Institutional Repository
Cranmer, S. J.; Leifeld, P.; McClurg, S. D.; Rolfe, M. (2017) Navigating the range of statistical tools for inferential network analysis, American Journal of Political Science, 61(1), 237-251, doi:10.1111/ajps.12263, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Fischer, M.; de Boer, C.; Mollinga, P. P. (2016) Water management across borders, scales and sectors: recent developments and future challenges in water policy analysis, Environmental Policy and Governance, 26(4), 223-228, doi:10.1002/eet.1713, Institutional Repository
Balsiger, J.; Ingold, K. (2016) In the Eye of the Beholder: network location and sustainability perception in flood prevention, Environmental Policy and Governance, 26(4), 242-256, doi:10.1002/eet.1715, Institutional Repository
Metz, F.; Fischer, M. (2016) Policy diffusion in the context of international river basin management, Environmental Policy and Governance, 26(4), 257-277, doi:10.1002/eet.1716, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Lieberherr, E.; Schläpfer, I.; Steinmann, K.; Zimmermann, W. (2016) Umweltpolitik der Schweiz. Ein Lehrbuch, 337 p, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Fischer, M.; Cairney, P. (2016) Drivers for policy agreement in nascent subsystems: an application of the advocacy coalition framework to fracking policy in Switzerland and the UK, Policy Studies Journal, 45(3), 442-463, doi:10.1111/psj.12173, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M. (2016) Institutions and policy networks in Europe, In: Victor, J. N.; Lubell, M.; Montgomery, A. (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Political Networks, 28 pp., doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190228217.013.36, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K. (2017) How to create and preserve social capital in climate adaptation policies: a network approach, Ecological Economics, 131, 414-424, doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.08.033, Institutional Repository
Leifeld, P. (2017) Discourse network analysis: policy debates as dynamic networks, In: Victor, J. N.; Montgomery, A. H.; Lubell, M. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of political networks, 28, doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190228217.013.25, Institutional Repository
Varone, F.; Ingold, K.; Jourdain, C. (2017) Defending the status quo across venues and coalitions: evidence from California interest groups, Journal of Public Policy, 37(1), 1-26, doi:10.1017/S0143814X16000179, Institutional Repository
Weible, C. M.; Heikkila, T.; Ingold, K.; Fischer, M. (2016) Policy debates on hydraulic fracturing. Comparing coalition politics in North America and Western Europe, 276 p, doi:10.1057/978-1-137-59574-4, Institutional Repository
Weible, C. M.; Heikkila, T.; Ingold, K.; Fischer, M. (2016) Introduction, In: Weible,C., C.; Heikkila, T.; Ingold, K.; Fischer, M. (Eds.), Policy Debates on Hydraulic Fracturing. Comparing coalition politics in North America and Western Europe, 1-27, Institutional Repository
Cairney, P.; Fischer, M.; Ingold, K. (2016) Hydraulic fracturing policy in the United Kingdom: coalition, cooperation, and opposition in the face of uncertainty, In: Weible,C., C.; Heikkila, T.; Ingold, K.; Fischer, M. (Eds.), Policy Debates on Hydraulic Fracturing. Comparing coalition politics in North America and Western Europe, 81-113, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Fischer, M. (2016) Belief conflicts and coalition structures driving sub-national policy responses: the case of Swiss regulation of unconventional gas development, In: Weible, C. M.; Heikkila, T.; Ingold, K.; Fischer, M. (Eds.), Policy Debates on Hydraulic Fracturing. Comparing Coalition Politics in North America and Western Europe, 201-237, doi:10.1057/978-1-137-59574-4_8, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Fischer, M.; Heikkila, T.; Weible, C. M. (2016) Assessments and aspirations, In: Weible, C.; Heikkila, T.; Ingold, K.; Fischer, M. (Eds.), Policy Debates on Hydraulic Fracturing. Comparing coalition politics in North America and Western Europe, 239-264, Institutional Repository

Publications 2015

Leifeld, P.; Ingold, K. (2016) Co-authorship networks in Swiss political research, Swiss Political Science Review, 22(2), 264-287, doi:10.1111/spsr.12193, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M. (2015) Institutions and coalitions in policy processes: a cross-sectoral comparison, Journal of Public Policy, 35(2), 245-268, doi:10.1017/S0143814X14000166, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M. (2015) Collaboration patterns, external shocks and uncertainty: Swiss nuclear energy politics before and after Fukushima, Energy Policy, 86, 520-528, doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2015.08.007, Institutional Repository
Kunz, N. C.; Fischer, M.; Ingold, K.; Hering, J. G. (2015) Why do some water utilities recycle more than others? A qualitative comparative analysis in New South Wales, Australia, Environmental Science and Technology, 49(14), 8287-8296, doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b01827, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Leifeld, P. (2015) Policy forums: Why do they exist and what are they used for?, Policy Sciences, 48(3), 363-382, doi:10.1007/s11077-015-9224-y, Institutional Repository
Sciarini, P.; Fischer, M.; Traber, D. (2015) Political decision-making in Switzerland. The consensus model under pressure, 291 p, doi:10.1057/9781137508607, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K. (2015) Identifizierung von Koalitionen in Politikprozessen illustriert anhand der Schweizer Klimapolitik. Zwei strukturelle Ansätze, In: Gamper, M.; Reschke, L.; Düring, M. (Eds.), Knoten und Kanten III – Soziale Netzwerkanalyse in Geschichts- und Politikforschung, 373-398, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Varone, F. (2015) Is the Swiss Constitution really constitutional? Testing the “veil of ignorance” hypothesis over time, In: Imbeau, L.; Jacob, S. (Eds.), Behind a Veil of Ignorance? Power and Uncertainty in Constitutional Design, 187-202, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Sciarini, P. (2013) Unpacking reputational power: actors' attributes and relations, 17 p, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Christopoulos, D. (2015) The networks of political entrepreneurs: A case study of Swiss climate policy, In: Narbutaité Aflaki, I.; Petridou, E.; Miles, L. (Eds.), Entrepreneurship in the Polis - Understanding Political Entrepreneurship, 17-30, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Ingold, K.; Sciarini, P.; Varone, F. (2016) Dealing with bad guys: actor- and process-level determinants of the “devil shift” in policy making, Journal of Public Policy, 36(2), 309-334, doi:10.1017/S0143814X15000021, Institutional Repository
Tresch, A.; Fischer, M. (2015) In search of political influence: outside lobbying behaviour and media coverage of social movements, interest groups and political parties in six Western European countries, International Political Science Review, 36(4), 355-372, doi:10.1177/0192512113505627, Institutional Repository
Christopoulos, D.; Ingold, K. (2015) Exceptional or just well connected? Political entrepreneurs and brokers in policy making, European Political Science Review, 7(3), 475-498, doi:10.1017/S1755773914000277, Institutional Repository

Publications 2014

Sciarini, P.; Tresch, A.; Fischer, M. (2014) Europeanization in Parliament and in the Press, Swiss Political Science Review, 20(2), 232-238, doi:10.1111/spsr.12101, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Sciarini, P. (2014) The europeanization of Swiss decision-making processes, Swiss Political Science Review, 20(2), 239-245, doi:10.1111/spsr.12102, Institutional Repository
Brönnimann, S.; Appenzeller, C.; Croci-Maspoli, M.; Fuhrer, J.; Grosjean, M.; Hohmann, R.; Ingold, K.; Knutti, R.; Liniger, M. A.; Raible, C. C.; Röthlisberger, R.; Schär, C.; Scherrer, S. C.; Strassmann, K.; Thalmann, P. (2014) Climate change in Switzerland: a review of physical, institutional, and political aspects, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 5(4), 461-481, doi:10.1002/wcc.280, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Gschwend, M. (2014) Science in policy-making: neutral experts or strategic policy-makers?, Western European Politics, 37(5), 993-1018, doi:10.1080/01402382.2014.920983, Institutional Repository
Metz, F.; Ingold, K. (2014) Sustainable wastewater management: is it possible to regulate micropollution in the future by learning from the Past? A policy analysis, Sustainability, 6(4), 1992-2012, doi:10.3390/su6041992, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K. (2014) How involved are they really? A comparative network analysis of the institutional drivers of local actor inclusion, Land Use Policy, 39, 376-387, doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.01.013, Institutional Repository
Cappelletti, F.; Fischer, M.; Sciarini, P. (2014) 'Let's talk cash': Cantons' interests and the reform of Swiss federalism, Regional and Federal Studies, 24(1), 1-20, doi:10.1080/13597566.2013.808627, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M. (2014) Coalition structures and policy change in a consensus democracy, Policy Studies Journal, 42(3), 344-366, doi:10.1111/psj.12064, Institutional Repository

Publications 2013

Fischer, M.; Sciarini, P. (2013) Europeanization and the inclusive strategies of executive actors, Journal of European Public Policy, 20(10), 1482-1498, doi:10.1080/13501763.2013.781800, Institutional Repository
Fisher, D. R.; Waggle, J.; Leifeld, P. (2013) Where does political polarization come from? Locating polarization within the U.S. climate change debate, American Behavioral Scientist, 57(1), 70-92, doi:10.1177/0002764212463360, Institutional Repository
Fisher, D. R.; Leifeld, P.; Iwaki, Y. (2013) Mapping the ideological networks of American climate politics, Climatic Change, 116, 523-545, doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0512-7, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Fischer, M. (2014) Drivers of collaboration to mitigate climate change: an illustration of Swiss climate policy over 15 years, Global Environmental Change, 24(1), 88-98, doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.11.021, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Varone, F.; Stokman, F. (2013) A social network-based approach to assess de facto independence of regulatory agencies, Journal of European Public Policy, 20(10), 1464-1481, doi:10.1080/13501763.2013.804280, Institutional Repository
Leifeld, P. (2013) Reconceptualizing major policy change in the advocacy coalition framework: a discourse network analysis of German pension politics, Policy Studies Journal, 41(1), 169-198, doi:10.1111/psj.12007, Institutional Repository
Lieberherr, E. (2013) Organisationsformen im Vergleich. Leistungsfähigkeit der Siedlungswasserwirtschaft in Zürich, Berlin und Leeds, Aqua & Gas, 93(2), 48-52, Institutional Repository
Lienert, J.; Schnetzer, F.; Ingold, K. (2013) Stakeholder analysis combined with social network analysis provides fine-grained insights into water infrastructure planning processes, Journal of Environmental Management, 125, 134-148, doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.03.052, Institutional Repository
Maggetti, M.; Ingold, K.; Varone, F. (2013) Having your cake and eating it, too: can regulatory agencies be both independent and accountable?, Swiss Political Science Review, 19(1), 1-25, doi:10.1111/spsr.12015, Institutional Repository
Metz, F. (2013) Addressing micropollution by linking problem characteristics to policy instruments, 38 p, Institutional Repository
Schneider, V.; Leifeld, P.; Malang, T. (2013) Coping with creeping catastrophes: National political systems and the challenge of slow-moving policy problems, In: Siebenhüner, B.; Arnold, M.; Eisenack, K.; Jacob, K. (Eds.), Long-Term Governance of Social-Ecological Change, 221-238, doi:10.4324/9780203556160, Institutional Repository

Publications 2012

Fischer, M. (2012) Entscheidungsstrukturen in der Schweizer Politik zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts, 379 p, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M. (2012) Dominance or challenge? An explanation of power structures among coalitions in Swiss decision-making processes, 39 p, Institutional Repository
Hering, J. G.; Ingold, K. M. (2012) Water resources management: what should be integrated?, Science, 336(6086), 1234-1235, doi:10.1126/science.1218230, Institutional Repository
Ingold, K.; Varone, F. (2012) Treating policy brokers seriously: evidence from the climate policy, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 22(2), 319-346, doi:10.1093/jopart/mur035, Institutional Repository
Leifeld, P.; Schneider, V. (2012) Information exchange in policy networks, American Journal of Political Science, 56(3), 731-744, doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2011.00580.x, Institutional Repository
Leifeld, P.; Haunss, S. (2012) Political discourse networks and the conflict over software patents in Europe, European Journal of Political Research, 51(3), 382-409, doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2011.02003.x, Institutional Repository
Lieberherr, E.; Klinke, A.; Finger, M. (2012) Towards legitimate water governance? The partially privatized Berlin waterworks, Public Management Review, 14(7), 923-946, doi:10.1080/14719037.2011.650056, Institutional Repository
Fischer, M.; Ingold, K.; Sciarini, P.; Varone, F. (2012) Impacts of market liberalization on regulatory network: a longitudinal analysis of the Swiss telecommunications sector, Policy Studies Journal, 40(3), 435-457, doi:10.1111/j.1541-0072.2012.00460.x, Institutional Repository

Master thesis (topics)

PEGO is looking for students doing their MA or BA thesis on one of the following issues:

Biodiversity politics in Swiss Parliament. Preserving and promoting biodiversity is a politically anchored goal in Switzerland. It affects various policy fields such as water protection, forests and the environment, but also spatial planning and health. There are therefore countless parliamentary initiatives and acts dealing with biodiversity in a narrower or broader sense. We have collected documents around these initiatives and actors covering the period of the last 20 years. They are available in a text corpus for manual or automated content analysis. The following research questions could be interesting to follow: How has the political agenda with regard to biodiversity changed since 2000? Which actors are mainly concerned with the protection of species and landscapes, as well as the protection of genetic diversity? What kind of (changing) coalitions among actors are there? And which aspects do the actors and related documents emphasize or ignore?

Analysis of Swiss energy policy instruments: Actor coalitions over time. The decarbonization of the energy sector is a central issue in fighting climate change. Policy instruments can foster such a decarbonization. Such instruments should ideally persist over time in order to deploy their effects, but they also need to be capable of adapting to the inherent dynamics of technological change in this domain. We are looking for a Master student with a strong interest in Swiss climate and energy policy. The MA thesis is expected to cover the analysis of a given policy in the Swiss energy sector over time (several years to a decade). From a methodological point of view, the thesis should rely on Discourse Network Analysis (DNA) in order to reveal the positions and arguments of the most central political actors with respect to the design of such policy instruments. Potential topics are the feed-in tariffs or CO2 taxation, but other relevant and long-term policies can also be analyzed. A comparison with data from Germany is also possible. The thesis will be co-directed by Manuel Fischer (Policy Analysis and Environmental Governance group at Eawag and University of Bern) and the Energy Politics Group at ETH Zurich.

Governance of alluvial plains: The governance of alluvial plains is complex. Different organizations from the public sector, civil society and private firms with different responsibilites and preferences interact in and around alluvial plains. Further, the governance of alluvial plains involves a host of interdependent issues, which have to be balanced. Mostly, these issues revolves around questions of flood management, nature protection and agricultural production. In a project led by Manuel Fischer at Eawag we utilize social-ecological network models to understand the governance of alluvial plains and identify crucial factors for successful governance. To do so, we compare 10-12 alluvial plains throughout Switzerland. The master thesis will include working with us within the project and the responsibility for gathering data (mostly through stakeholder interviews) and a thorough analysis of one or more cases. We offen a nice and active working environment within our project team, the possibility to work in an exciting new research field, and close supervision of the thesis work. Depending on the interest of the master student, employment as a scientific assistant at Eawag in Dübendorf is possible. We specifically look for a French-speaking person who is interested in environmental topics. If beavers, federalism, residual flows, and policy do not sound completely foreign to you, we would be excited to hear from you.

Biodiversity as a complex policy field: The prospective MA thesis deals with the complex actor constellation around biodiversity. Biodiversity concerns many different traditional policy sectors (water, forest, energy, land use planning, agriculture, etc.) and is influenced by policy processes (“Strategie Biodiversität”) on different levels of decision-making (from municipalities to international treaties). Theoretical approaches on policy processes and policy networks should guide the empirical analysis of the actor constellation in this field.

Competence shifts to municipality associations: Municipalities are the lowest level in the Swiss multi-level system of political decision-making. They are under increasing pressure, given the challenges provided by technical developments in – for example – the infrastructure domain. One solution for municipalities to deal with these challenges and related lack of resources and expertise is to delegate certain competencies to municipality associations. The prospective MA thesis deals with the question why such shifts of competences are accepted or not by municipalities, and under what context conditions they are successful or not. The thesis analyses this question for the domain of wastewater and drinking water.

Privatization of drinking water: The population of the canton of Zurich will soon vote on the revision of the integrated cantonal water law. The main reason for the high public interest and the conflictive discussions around the revision of this law is due to the fact that an element in the law explicitly provides the option for private firms to acquire parts of the drinking water supply system. The discussions in the canton of Zurich might very well influence related discussions in other cantons. The prospective MA thesis analyses the policy process and the actor network around the revision of the Zurich water law, as well as actors’ preferences and strategies around the question of privatisation of water supply against the background of policy process and network theories.

Protection of deep groundwater: Deep groundwater is increasingly concerned by different uses such as the extraction of mineral water, geo-thermical drillings, future CO2 storage as well as the agricultural use of water due to climate change. The protection and the related coordination of uses (as for example through prioritizing given types of uses) needs to be adapted to these new challenges in order to prevent future problems in regulation and uncertainties for users. The prospective MA thesis prepares basic parameters related to this issue and identifies and critically evaluates relevant actors, interests, conflicts, opportunities for coordination and policy instruments related to the protection of deep groundwater.

River restoration in Switzerland: Comparing cantonal strategies: In the next decades, Switzerland will restore (revitalize) an important part of its rivers. While the goals and basic criteria and financing mechanisms are defined at the national level, cantons are mainly responsible for identifying the river parts which should be restored. Swiss cantons thereby encounter different political and geographical challenges, and, as a consequence, organize their strategic planning of restoration measures in different ways, and rely on different criteria. Given the long-term task of restoring rivers, knowing how cantons plan their measures, and thus allowing for cross-cantonal learning over time, is crucial. The aim of the MA thesis is to compare cantonal planning processes, resources, approaches, and actor constellations related to restoration planning, and thus to identify why given types of cantons act in specific ways. Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) might be a good methodological approach for such a comparison. (German knowledge required)