Department Environmental Social Sciences

FANFAR: Reinforced cooperation to provide operational flood forecasting and alerts in West Africa

About the project

Flooding is a rapidly growing concern in West Africa, projected to increase with climate change. It is both a threat and a blessing for human lives, agriculture, and infrastructure. There is a great need for reliable access to operational flood forecasts and alerts produced by a robust information and communication technology (ICT) system adapted to regional conditions and operated by capable West African institutions.

The aim of FANFAR is to reinforce the cooperation between West African and European hydrologists, ICT experts, decision analysts, and end-user communities to provide a co-designed, co-adapted, integrated, and co-operated streamflow forecasting and alert pilot system for West Africa.

End-users will participate in regular workshops and virtual meetings aiming to demonstrate the ICT, define user needs, co-design necessary adaptations, and develop capacity.

Eawag is in charge of Work Package 2: User needs, tests, and behavioural responses

A key objective of FANFAR is to develop relevant technology that responds to the specific needs and preferences of hydro-innovation stakeholders and information end-users in West Africa. Hence, the ICT development is a technical task, but also requires adaptation to user needs. During the ICT development, various decisions will have to be made. These concern, for example, output products, distribution channels, alert levels, data sources, and economic constraints.

To support this, FANFAR will apply Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) and approaches from Behavioral Operational Research (BOR). Our main interventions focus on the co-design workshops in West Africa. We will use a framework to guide the West African decision makers and stakeholders through a structured decision-making process. Additionally, we aim at understanding the factors shaping the participants’ responses. The knowledge gained from these processes will help to take into account and synthesize all relevant information. This shall aid technology development decisions and adoption processes aiming to facilitate the sustainable uptake of the ICT flood forecast and alert system in West Africa.

For further information see the FANFAR project homepage:

Project partners

FANFAR has six partners

Coordinator: Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI), Sweden.

Eawag team

Dr. Judit LienertGroup Leader, Cluster: DA (Decision Analysis)Tel. +41 58 765 5574Send Mail
Martijn KullerPost-Doctoral Researcher, Cluster: Decision AnalysisTel. +41 58 765 6752Send Mail


Silva Pinto, F.; Lienert, J. (2019) Executive report of the FANFAR workshop 1, 8 p, Institutional Repository
Silva Pinto, F.; Lienert, J.; Andersson, J. (2019) Stakeholder feedback report FANFAR workshop 2, 8 p, Institutional Repository
Kuller, M.; Andersson, J.; Lienert, J. (2020) Report of FANFAR Workshop 3. Executive report, 11 p, Institutional Repository


Dr. Judit LienertGroup Leader, Cluster: DA (Decision Analysis)Tel. +41 58 765 5574Send Mail

Project information

Project start: January 2018

Project duration: 3 years

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 780118.