The secondary towns’ research in Nepal is partnering with the Asian Development Bank-funded Small Town Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Programme (STWSSSP Phase III) and the Department of Water Supply & Sewerage Management (DWSSM). Since 2016 we have validated a number of state-of-the art planning and analysis tools and their applicability to small town sanitation planning in two towns in the Terai: Tikapur and Kohalpur. These tools include:
Excreta flow diagrams (SFDs)
SaniPath, a new health risk assessment tool
Google Earth applications for spatial analysis
Faecal sludge management diagnostic tools
Citywide sanitation costing tools
We have supported and finalised two City Sanitation Plans: the Tikapur City Sanitation Plan (approved in 2018) and the Kohalpur City Sanitation Plan (approved in January 2021). A new faecal sludge treatment plant (the centrepiece of the CSP) is now under construction in Kohalpur.
Currently we are co-developing with our local partners SaniChoice, a capacity building and decision support tool that enables informed Sanitation Technology and System Choice for urban sanitation planning. SaniChoice will be disseminated and tested in a selected municipality in the Kathmandu region in 2021/22.