Wastewater

Optimise and overcome new challenges

The wastewater infrastructure in Switzerland is worth 125 billion Swiss francs. Nine hundred treatment plants clean the country’s wastewater around the clock. Part of the work of Eawag is to examine how this success story can be continuously optimised and tailored to suit the particular conditions in other countries, as well as to look at how to overcome new challenges

News

September 16, 2021

It is well known that Legionella bacteria can contaminate drinking water systems in buildings. A case study published in Aqua & Gas by Eawag and the Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts now shows how they can be controlled by different temperature strategies.

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September 15, 2021

Making decisions about what sanitation infrastructure to implement in emergency and humanitarian crises is challenging. Research on how to support this decision-making has led to the online platform: emersan-compendium.org.

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Scientific publications

Courtney, C.; Brison, A.; Randall, D. G. (2021) Calcium removal from stabilized human urine by air and CO2 bubbling, Water Research, 202, 117467 (10 pp.), doi:10.1016/j.watres.2021.117467, Institutional Repository
Fernandez-Cassi, X.; Scheidegger, A.; Bänziger, C.; Cariti, F.; Tuñas Corzon, A.; Ganesanandamoorthy, P.; Lemaitre, J. C.; Ort, C.; Julian, T. R.; Kohn, T. (2021) Wastewater monitoring outperforms case numbers as a tool to track COVID-19 incidence dynamics when test positivity rates are high, Water Research, 200, 117252 (9 pp.), doi:10.1016/j.watres.2021.117252, Institutional Repository
Gulde, R.; Rutsch, M.; Clerc, B.; Schollée, J. E.; von Gunten, U.; McArdell, C. S. (2021) Formation of transformation products during ozonation of secondary wastewater effluent and their fate in post-treatment: from laboratory- to full-scale, Water Research, 200, 117200 (16 pp.), doi:10.1016/j.watres.2021.117200, Institutional Repository
Schollée, J. E.; Hollender, J.; McArdell, C. S. (2021) Characterization of advanced wastewater treatment with ozone and activated carbon using LC-HRMS based non-target screening with automated trend assignment, Water Research, 200, 117209 (13 pp.), doi:10.1016/j.watres.2021.117209, Institutional Repository
To the library

Selected research projects and focus areas

Application of Wastewater-based Epidemiology to SARS-CoV-2 Detection
Communities across the world face water supply challenges due to increasing demand, drought, groundwater depletion and contamination, dependence on single sources of supply, and ageing infrastructure
An inter- and transdisciplinary strategic research program that strives to develop novel non-gridconnected water and sani- tation systems that can function as comparable alternatives to network-based systems.
Eawag has a long history of developing innovative processes for separating wastewater at source. These technologies include one whereby urine is separated out using the NoMix Toilet.
We study the ecological stability of anammox biofilms, which are responsible for the autotrophic Nitrogen removal in mixed nitritation-anammox systems.
Sustainable urban water and wastewater management applied and implemented in the modular NEST building.
Greenhouse gas emissions from wastewater treatment
By recovering nutrients from urine, we develop a sanitation system, which produces a valuable fertiliser
Solid-Liquid Separation of Faecal Sludge: Understanding Governing Mechanisms for Improved Global Sanitation
The aim of CWIS research is to develop a method that synthesizes existing information about the sanitation landscapes of cities in India and that presents comprehensive sanitation solutions.

Experts

Dr. Christian Binz
  • decentralized systems
  • innovation
  • global change
  • sustainable transitions
  • urban water management
Marc Böhler
  • wastewater treatment
  • micropollutants
  • ozonation
Dr. Nicolas Derlon
  • wastewater
  • wastewater treatment
  • wastewater treatment plant
Dr. Adriano Joss
  • wastewater
  • micropollutants
  • ozonation
Prof. Dr. Tove Larsen
  • NoMix
  • urine separation
Dr. Joao Paulo Leitao
  • urban water management
  • urban planning
Prof. Dr. Max Maurer
  • wastewater
  • decentralized technologies
  • sustainable water management
  • urban sanitation
  • urban water management
  • urine separation
Dr. Christa McArdell
  • wastewater
  • micropollutants
Prof. Dr. Eberhard Morgenroth
  • wastewater
  • decentralized technologies
  • nutrients
  • urban water management
  • urban planning
  • urine separation
Dr. Christoph Ort
  • wastewater
  • modeling
Dr. Jörg Rieckermann
  • wastewater
  • modeling
  • urban water management
  • transdisciplinary research
Prof. Dr. Kai Udert
  • wastewater separation
  • decentralized technologies
  • nutrients
  • urine separation
  • resource recovery